Research Article
Volume 3 Issue 7 - 2021
Common Mental Disorders and Exposure to Pesticides: A Cross-Sectional Study with Rural Community in Brazil

Tamara Rodrigues Lima Zanuzzi1, Marcelo Luiz Mauad Júnior2, Wallace Antunes Damásio do Nascimento2, Luciana Ruivo Dantas2, Vinicius Rodrigues de Andrade2, Caroline Volpatto Weyrich2, Fábio Morato Oliveira2, Patrícia de Sá Barros1,2, Edsaura Maria Pereira1 and Edlaine Faria de Moura Villela1*

1Instituto de Patologia Tropical e Saúde Pública, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Brazil
2Universidade Federal de Jataí, Goiás, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Edlaine Faria de Moura Villela, Instituto de Patologia Tropical e Saúde Pública da Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil.
Received: April 28, 2021; Published: July 23, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: Pesticides exposure has been a relevant source of association to common mental disorders (CMD) development. Rural population are the most likely to develop common mental disorders when it refers to pesticides contamination and poisoning. The neurotoxicity from those pesticides shows a severe damage to mental health.

Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence of common mental disorders linked to pesticides exposure.

Methods: A transversal retrospective and descriptive epidemiologic research was made in a rural area of Jataí, a city in the state of Goiás, Brazil, in the period of 2018 to 2020. The study population consisted of 43 farmers in contact with pesticides, whose children attended 3 rural schools in that area. Data were collected by individual interviews conducted by trained researchers using a patterned questionnaire in addition to SRQ-20.

Results: The prevalence of CMD in these rural families of the southwest from Goiás was 32,5%. It exhibits predominance for female sex (n = 27, 62,79%) and rural zone residency (88,37%). Majority number of interviewed reported a low educational stage, completed, at most, high school.

Discussion: The vulnerability of the rural families exposed to pesticides has an intimate relationship with the following risk factors: high toxicity of agricultural inputs; low education stage; lack of specialized guidance on the use of pesticides; exposure level; absolute number of past intoxications; lack of action by public policies to promote, prevent and treat the health of at-risk populations.

Recommendations: The chronic intoxications, subnotification, the difficulty of characterized and symptoms related to grievances are other issues that should be better analyzed and empirically tested to assess the impact of pesticides on populations. We hope that the results of this research can contribute to the analysis and reflection of the proposed theme, as well as the promotion of effective mental health strategies for rural populations.

 

Keywords: Pesticides; Common Mental Disorders; Neurotoxic; Mental Health; Epidemiological Study; Rural Population

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Citation: Edlaine Faria de Moura Villela., et al. “Common Mental Disorders and Exposure to Pesticides: A Cross-Sectional Study with Rural Community in Brazil”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 3.8 (2021): 01-12.

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