Research Article
Volume 3 Issue 9 - 2021
Quality of Life and Maintenance of Human Dignity in the Last Phase of the Life Cycle
Daisy Maria Coelho de Mendonça1*, Ieda Maria Vargas Dias2, Hévane Virginia dos Santos3, Rebeca Bárbara da Silva Rios4 and Erica Tatiane da Silva2
1Master in Public Health Policy (EGF-Brasília), Nurse at the University Hospital of Brasília/Ebserh, Brasília, DF, Brazil
2PhD in Health Sciences (EGF-Brasília), Researcher in Public Health at Fiocruz Brasília, Brasília, DF, Brazil
3Master in Public Health Policy (EGF-Brasília), Nurse at the Health Department of the Federal District, Brasília, DF, Brazil
4Medical Student, University Center of Planalto Central Apparecido dos Santos - UNICEPLAC, Brasília, DF, Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Daisy Maria Coelho de Mendonça, Master in Public Health Policy (EGF-Brasília), Nurse at the University Hospital of Brasília/Ebserh, Brasília, DF, Brazil.
Received: March 24, 2021; Published: August 30, 2021


The research assessed the quality of life of cancer patients in palliative care. For data collection, a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Karnofsky Performance Status Scale and the Palliative Outcome Scale were used. An average age of 20 to 59 years was observed, 60.0% were female, 87.5% had a companion during hospitalization and the highest occurrence was breast cancer (30%). Of the patients, 75% have been in palliative care for more than a month, 42.5% have been diagnosed for between one and five years (42.5%) and 85% were satisfied with the care received at the unit. The average score score of the Palliative Outcome Scale was 18.75 (6.25), with greater impairment in the time spent in consultations and anxiety of family members and the patient himself.

Keyword: Cancer; Palliative Care; Quality of Life; Oncology; Attention to Cancer


  1. Duarte C and Barreto SM. “Demographic and epidemiological transition: Epidemiology and Health Services”. SM revisits and updates the theme 2.4 (2012): 529-532.
  2. National Cancer Institute; Ministry of Health. Estimate 2016. Incidence of Cancer in Brazil. Rio de Janeiro: INCA (2015).
  3. World Health Organization. National Cancer Control Programs: policies and managerial guidelines. Geneva: WHO (2002).
  4. Gomes ALZ and Othero MB. “Palliative care”. Advanced Studies 88 (2016): 155-166.
  5. Fonseca A. “Preface”. In: Pereira M. Palliative care: Confronting death. Lisbon: Catholic University (2010): 7-10.
  6. Quator Net Work. Enhancing the Quality and Transparency Of health Research (2020).
  7. Fleck MPA organizer. “The evaluation of quality of life: a guide for health professionals”. Porto Alegre: Artmed (2008).
  8. Pereira F and Santos C. “Study of cultural adaptation and validation of Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General in palliative care”. Nursing Journal Reference 5 (2011): 45-54.
  9. Bardin L. Content Analysis. São Paulo: Almedina (2012).
  10. Silva CHD and Derchain SFM. “Quality of life in women with gynecological cancer: a literature review”. Brazilian Journal of Cancerology1 (2006): 33-47.
  11. Law no. 8080, of September 19, 1990. Provides for the conditions for the promotion, protection and recovery of health, the organization and functioning of the corresponding services, and makes other arrangements”. Official Gazette of the Union (2021).
  12. Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil (1988).
  13. National Academy of Palliative Care. Palliative care manual. Rio de Janeiro: ANCP (2009).
  14. Yamashita CC. “Evaluation of patients with advanced cancer and their caregivers: grouping of symptoms, quality of life and burden. São Paulo. Thesis [PhD in Sciences] - Fundação Antônio Prudente; (2014).
  15. Fonseca M., et al. “Patients' expectations regarding admission to a palliative care unit”. Revista de Enfermagem Reference 7 (2012): 191-198.
  16. Resolution no. 41, of October 31, 2018. Provides for guidelines for the organization of palliative care, in the light of integrated continuous care, within the scope of the Unified Health System (SUS). Official Gazette of the Union (2021).
Citation: Daisy Maria Coelho de Mendonça., et al. “Quality of Life and Maintenance of Human Dignity in the Last Phase of the Life Cycle”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 3.9 (2021): 15-23.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

August Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the August issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before August 18, 2022.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.