Research Article
Volume 4 Issue 1 - 2022
Prediabetes and Nurse Intervention. Does Health Education Prevent Negative Evolution? Pilot Test
González-Ruiz Laura1, García-Montero Adrián2, Aparisi-Beltrán Jessica3, Marzá-Edo Enrique4, Gombau-Baldrich Yolanda5 and Guinot-Bachero Jordi6*
1Specialist Nurse in Family and Community Nursing, Occupational Nursing Specialist, Spain
2Specialist Nurse and Expert in Family and Community, Tutor (Resident Internal Nurse) EIR, Seville Health District, Torreblanca Health Center, Spain
3Nursing student, Nursing School Our Lady of the Sacred Heart, Castelló Department General University Hospital, (HGUCS), Spain
4Reference Nurse in Diabetes, Palleter Health Center, Castelló de la Plana, Spain
5HGUCS Nursing Assistant, Spain
6Nurse Tutor Of EIR In Wounds, Palleter Health Center, Castellón De La Plana, Member Of The Advisory Committee Of The GNEAUPP, Spain
*Corresponding Author: Guinot-Bachero Jordi, Nurse Tutor of EIR In Wounds, Palleter Health Center, Castellón De La Plana, Member of The Advisory Committee of The GNEAUPP, Spain.
Received: July 19, 2021; Published: December 30, 2021




Abstract

Objective: Prediabetes is associated with an increased risk of developing DM2 and suffering from cardiovascular complications. Progression is avoidable, and it is possible to turn from a prediabetic state to normality. The objective is to know the risk of prediabetes in the adult population within the Palleter Health Center and to use Health Education to improve the quality of life of people at risk. Method: It is structured in three phases: Pilot phase: its main objective is to collect cases; Screening phase: completion of the FINDRISC questionnaire; Community Intervention Phase: through Group Health Education.

Results: 47 people participated (40% men and 60% women). 10.6% of the participants were under 45 years old, 14.9% between 45 - 54 years old, 27.6% between 55 - 64 years old and 46.8% were older than 64 years old. 100% of the participants have a BMI > 30 kg / m2. 53.2% did not carry out any type of physical activity. 68.1% of the participants had ever been prescribed anti-hypertensive drugs. 53% had never had high blood glucose levels detected. 76.6% consume fruits, vegetables and vegetables on a daily basis. Regarding a family history diagnosed with diabetes, 44.62% have a history of parents, siblings or children.

Conclusions: Screening with the findrisck test is feasible in nursing consultations as part of the EpS and community health work. Its implementation at the SNS level can mean a great development of Community health.

Keywords: Health Education; Prediabetic State; Diabetes Mellitus; Pilot Test; Healthy Lifestyle

References

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Citation: Guinot-Bachero Jordi., et al. “Prediabetes and Nurse Intervention. Does Health Education Prevent Negative Evolution? Pilot Test”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 4.1 (2022): 11-20.

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