Review Article
Volume 4 Issue 1 - 2022
The Spirituality in Health Care in the Primary Health
Luiz Augusto de Azevedo Pinheiro1*, Sandra Maria Barroso Werneck Vilagra2, Cristina Fidalgo Affonso Pinheiro3, Eduardo Herrera Rodrigues de Almeida Júnior4 and Maria Cristina Almeida de Souza5
1Médico Residente em Medicina de Família e Comunidade, Hospital Universitário de Vassouras, Vassouras, RJ, Brasil
2Coordenadora da Residência Médica do Hospital Universitário de Vassouras, Vassouras, RJ, Brasil
3Preceptora da Residência em Medicina de Família e Comunidade do Hospital Universitário de Vassouras, Vassouras, RJ, Brasil
4Docente do Curso de Medicina da Universidade de Vassouras. Supervisor da Residência em Medicina de Família e Comunidade do Hospital Universitário de Vassouras. Vassou- ras, RJ, Brasil
5Docente do Curso de Medicina e do Mestrado em Ciências Aplicadas em Saúde da Universidade de Vassouras, RJ, Brasil
*Corresponding Author: Luiz Augusto de Azevedo Pinheiro, Médico Residente em Medicina de Família e Comunidade, Hospital Universitário de Vassouras, Vassouras, RJ, Brasil.
Received: February 21, 2021; Published: December 31, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: Attention has been given to spirituality as a strategy for coping with illnesses, as it has a protective role against psychological morbidity, given its impact on the way people deal with pathology.

Methodology: Through the literature review, we approach spirituality in the clinical evaluation of patients by health professionals, whose knowledge of the patient’s spiritual dimension is able to contribute to the relief of suffering and coping with the disease. Results: 11 publications were found that met the inclusion criteria, 7 articles, 3 books, 1 dissertation. Discussion: the Family Health Strategy, democratized access to health services at the primary level of Health Care. Primary Health Care Units, generalist professionals, who are responsible for providing care capable of solving approximately 80% of the demands, whose spiritual component must be considered. It is essential to include spirituality in the clinical evaluation of users of Primary Health Care Units, assuming that the recommended doctor-patient bond can optimize qualified listening, the professional’s understanding of the meaning of falling ill for the patient, as well as the establishment of a therapeutic plan. Able to consider the patient’s spiritual and religious specificities, favoring the prognosis and coping with the adversities resulting from the illness. Final considerations: considering that the spiritual dimension has a systemic nature, its use by Primary Health Care professionals is fundamental. There is a need for a paradigm shift in health care, moving away from the technical Cartesian biomedical view to the view of spirituality and health.

Keywords: Spirituality; Religion; Medicine; Physician-Patient Relations

References

  1. Batista SSP. “Spirituality in the practice of care user of the family health program, with emphasis on popular health education”. APS 1 (2007): 74-80.
  2. Lucchetti G., et al. “Spirituality in clinical practice: what should the clinician know?” Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Clínica Médica2 (2010): 154-148.
  3. Panzini GR. “Religious-spiritual coping scale (CRE Scale): translation, adaptation and validation of the RCOPE scale, addressing relationships with health and quality of life”. Dissertation Master in Psychology UFRGS (2004).
  4. Balboni TA., et al. “Religiousness and spiritual support among advanced cancer patients and associations with end-of-life treatment preferences and quality of life”. Journal of Clinical Oncology 5 (2007): 555-560.
  5. Travado L., et al. “Do spirituality and faith make a difference? Report from the Southern European Psycho-Oncology Study Group”. Palliative Supportive Care4 (2010): 405-413.
  6. Mesquita AC., et al. “The use of religious/spiritual coping by cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy”. The Latin American Journal of Nursing2 (2013): 539-545.
  7. Constitution of the Brazilian Federative Republic (1988).
  8. Koenig GH. “Medicine, religion and health. The meeting of science and spirituality”. Porto Alegre: LPM (2012).
  9. Barros Júnior J., et al. “Health and Spirituality: professional narratives in the family health strategy”. Journal of Psychology26 (2015).
  10. Koenig GH. “Spirituality in patient care. Because, like, when and what”. São Paulo: Associação Medico Espírita de São Paulo (2018).
  11. Gusso G., et al. “Treatise on family and community medicine. Principles, training and practice”. Porto Alegre: Artmed Publishing House (2019).
  12. Barbosa DJ., et al. “Religiosity and spirituality as a support tool for the treatment of psychoactive drug users”. Pro-univer SUS Magazine 2 (2018): 17-23.
Citation: Luiz Augusto de Azevedo Pinheiro., et al. “The Spirituality in Health Care in the Primary Health”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 4.1 (2022): 33-38.

PubMed Indexed Article


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777


EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033


EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992


EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505


EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793


EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211


EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047


EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560


EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318


EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819


EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840


EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476


EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658


EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489


EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278


EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108


EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571


EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333


EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883


EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001


EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937


EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723


EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726


EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603


EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646


EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226


EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812


EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268


News and Events


May Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the May issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before June 07, 2022.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.