Review Article
Volume 4 Issue 2 - 2022
Evaluation and Management of Fecal Incontinence in the Elderly

Lisa Jones* and Arnold Wald

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA
*Corresponding Author: Lisa Jones, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.
Received: January 07, 2022; Published: December 31, 2021




Abstract

Fecal incontinence (FI), though prevalent among community dwelling and institutionalized elderly adults, is often underreported. Diarrhea, dementia and immobility are often seen in patients with FI although most risk factors are interrelated and coexistent. FI occurs when disruptions to the anorectal structures, central or peripheral nerves and alterations to rectal compliance, capacity and changes in stool liquidity or delivery are present. Early detection is encouraged by obtaining a detailed history, physical exam, including digital rectal exam, and performing diagnostic tests in selected cases. A combination of dietary, behavioral and pharmacologic approaches is often effective in reducing episodes of FI to reduce associated complications, impairment in quality of life and clinical sequelae.

 

Keywords: Fecal Incontinence; Elderly

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Citation: Lisa Jones and Arnold Wald. “Evaluation and Management of Fecal Incontinence in the Elderly”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 4.1 (2021): 39-46.

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