Research Article
Volume 4 Issue 9 - 2022
Anxiety and Depression among Coronary Artery Disease Patients while Attending Outpatient Department in Private Tertiary Care Hospital Peshawar, Pakistan
Muslim Shah1*, Muhammad Luqman2, Arshad Iqbal2, Haseena Bi Bi2 and Sumbal Waheed2
1Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Iqra National University (Swat Campus), Pakistan
2BSN Final Semester Students, Rehman College of Nursing, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Muslim Shah, Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Iqra National University (Swat Campus), Pakistan.
Received: August 05, 2022; Published: August 17, 2022




Abstract

Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the anxiety and depression level among Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) patients while attending outpatient department (OPD) in tertiary care hospital.

Methodology: Descriptive cross sectional study design was carried out among CAD patients in outpatient department. A sample of 63 participants was selected through convenient sampling technique. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) questionnaire was used to assess the anxiety and depression among CAD patients. Data analysis was done by SPSS version 20.

Results: Out of total 63 participants 35 were male and 28 were female. Among which 58 were married and 5 were unmarried. Age of the participants ranged between 18 to > 60. Among total sample 55.6% of the participants had severe anxiety and 38.1% had severe depression. Findings of the study showed that females have higher anxiety level than males. The result was significant with a p-value of 0.004..

Conclusion: CAD is second leading cause of death throughout the world. 79.5% of cardiac patients in Pakistan have been noticed that they are suffering from anxiety and depression. HADS questionnaire was used to assess anxiety and depression. The result of the study highlighted 55.6% of the participants had severe anxiety and 38.1% of the participants had severe depression. CAD is associated with anxiety and depression and females have high anxiety level as compared to males.

Keywords: Anxiety; Depression; Coronary Artery Disease

References

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Citation: Muslim Shah., et al. “Anxiety and Depression among Coronary Artery Disease Patients while Attending Outpatient Department in Private Tertiary Care Hospital Peshawar, Pakistan”. EC Nursing and Healthcare 4.9 (2022): 16-23.

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