Review Article
Volume 15 Issue 6 - 2020
Biomedical Importance of Thiamin and Impact on Mitochondrial Machinery
Ramadhan Oruch1* and Ian F Pryme2
1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Najran University, Najran, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2Department of Biomedicine, School of Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
*Corresponding Author: Ramadhan Oruch, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Najran University, Najran, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Received: April 10, 2020; Published: May 13, 2020




Abstract

Essential micronutrients are primary metabolites that the human body needs for reproduction, growth and survival. These include minerals and vitamins, but not essential fatty acids nor essential amino acids. They are called essential because they cannot be synthesized de novo in the human body neither partially nor completely. These nutrients have huge biological significance in that they are often found together with certain enzymes in complexes that are directly involved in vital metabolic pathways. Among these pathways are glycolysis, Krebs’ cycle, oxidative phosphorylation and the pentose phosphate pathway. Thiamin (also called Thiamine, aneurine or vitamin B1) is one of these essential water-soluble micronutrients that functions as a coenzyme, or prosthetic group, to activate many apoenzymes that are involved in core metabolic processes, without which humans cannot survive. It thus functions as a helper molecule that aids an enzyme in catalyzing a chemical reaction. Deficiency of thiamin can cause many diseases and predispose us to many others indirectly by affecting the function of metabolic pathways, which in-turn disturbs mitochondrial function. Individuals with alcoholism in Western society and pregnant women of the developing world are most prone to this deficiency type of malnutrition. Geriatric and antenatal health care providers must be made aware of the incidence of such a deficiency state. In addition, audiences targeted for this mini review are the following: undergraduates of medicine, pharmacy and nursing, junior doctors of emergency and outpatient units, and doctors and nurses in geriatric units and obstetric hospitals.

Keywords: Micronutrient; Metabolism; Holoenzyme; Cofactor; Krebs Cycle; Antioxidants

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Citation: Ramadhan Oruch and Ian F Pryme. “Biomedical Importance of Thiamin and Impact on Mitochondrial Machinery”. EC Nutrition 15.6 (2020): 41-51.

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