Research Article
Volume 16 Issue 9 - 2021
Level and Predictors of Pre-Lacteal Feeding Practice in North Wollo Zone, Ethiopia: Institution - Based Cross-Sectional Study
Misgan Legesse Liben, Nigus Bililign Yimer and Fentaw Wassie Feleke*
College of Health Science, Woldia University, Wodia, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Fentaw Wassie Feleke, College of Health Science, Woldia University, Wodia, Ethiopia.
Received: May 21, 2021; Published: August 28, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: Pre-lacteal feeding persists in low and middle-income countries as deep-rooted nutritional malpractice and is top on the list of global public health concerns. The practice deprives newborns of valuable nutrients and protection of colostrum and exposes them to preventable morbidity and mortality. It imposes significant negative consequences on neonatal health, including increased risk of illness and mortality. Even though different studies revealed that pre-lacteal feeding practice decreased over time, the level and predictors of pre-lacteal feeding did not research.

Methods: An institution-based cross-sectional study was used. Descriptive statistics, binary and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used for the statistical analysis.

Results: One out of four children, 25 % (95% CI: 21% - 30%), was practice pre-lacteal feeding. In multivariable logistic regression analysis the most important predictors were colostrum avoidance Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR): 3.280; 95%, Confidence Interval (CI): (1.660 - 6.482), maternal illiteracy AOR: 2.449; 95%, CI: (1.001 - 5.988), media exposure AOR: 2.030; 95%, CI: (1.182 - 3.485), maternal age 15 - 24 and 25 - 34 (AOR: 3.413; 95% CI: (1.489 - 7.819)) and (AOR: 2.532; 95% CI: (1.203 - 5.329) respectively, remained statistically significant predictors for pre-lacteal feeding practices.

Conclusion: The pre-lacteal feeding in this study was found to be 25.5%. It is recommended for promoting maternal literacy at a young age through different media for stopping colostrum avoidance, and pre-lacteal feeding. It is also better to study at a community level.

Keywords: Colostrum Avoidance; Pre-Lacteal Feeding; Ethiopia; Maternal Age; North Wollo

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Citation: Fentaw Wassie Feleke., et al. “Level and Predictors of Pre-Lacteal Feeding Practice in North Wollo Zone, Ethiopia: Institution - Based Cross-Sectional Study”. EC Nutrition 16.9 (2021): 17-26.

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