Review Article
Volume 16 Issue 10 - 2021
Dietary Supplementation of Turmeric Oil on Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Economy of Broiler Chickens
MKH Nibir1, HM Salim2*, L Biswas3, MM Hassan4 and MAH Beg1
1Department of Home Economics and Food Science, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria1Department of Poultry Science, Sher-e- Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e- Bangla Nagor, Dhaka, Bangladesh
2Livestock Economics Section, Department of Livestock Services, Khamar Bari, Dhaka, Bangladesh
3Department of Dairy Science, Sher-e- Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e- Bangla Nagor, Dhaka, Bangladesh
4Avon Animal Health, Uttara, Dhaka, Bangladesh
*Corresponding Author: HM Salim, Livestock Economics Section, Department of Livestock Services, Khamar Bari, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Received: October 18, 2020; Published: September 29, 2021


The study was carried out to determine the effect of supplemental turmeric oil (TO) in replace to antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs) in the diets of broiler chicken. A total of 150-day-old Cobb- 500 broiler chicks collected from a local hatchery and randomly assigned into five dietary treatments with three replicates (10 chickens per replicate) for 4 weeks. The five treatments were basal diet (control); control plus doxycycline (2gm/L drinking water) as an antibiotic growth promoter (AGP); control plus 0.125% turmeric oil (TO 1), control plus 0.25% turmeric oil (TO 2) and control plus 0.50% turmeric oil (TO 3). Growth performance, internal organs weight and Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR) were analyzed. Body weight gain was improved significantly (P < 0.05) with 0.125% and 0.25% turmeric oil as compared to the control and AGP groups, but no significant difference was observed in feed intake, feed conversion ratio and livability percentage of broiler chicken. Neither liver and spleen weight nor abdominal fat were influenced by dietary TO but significantly (P < 0.05) higher heart, gizzard, intestine and bursa weight were found in chicken fed dietary TO compared to control and AGP group. Significantly (P < 0.05) higher BCR was found with the addition of 0.125% TO followed by the 0.25% TO in the diet of broiler chickens at 28 d of age. It is concluded that 0.25% TO could be considered as a potential feed additive for growth promotion and viable alternative to AGPs in the diet of broiler chickens.


Keywords: Turmeric Oil; AGPs; Growth Performance; Benefit Cost Ratio; Broiler Chicken


    1. Kabir SML. "The role of probiotics in the poultry industry”. International Journal of Molecular Sciences8 (2009): 3531-3546.
    2. Alkhalf A., et al. "Influence of probiotic supplementation on blood parameters and growth performance in broiler chickens”. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences3 (2010): 219-225.
    3. Hao H., et al. "Benefits and risks of antimicrobial use in food-producing animals”. Frontiers in Microbiology 5 (2014): 288.
    4. Dibner JJ and Richards JD. "Antibiotic growth promoters in agriculture: history and mode of action”. Poultry Science4 (2005): 634-643.
    5. Engberg RM., et al. "Effect of zinc bacitracin and salinomycin on intestinal microflora and performance of broilers”. Poultry Science9 (2000): 1311-1319.
    6. Emborg HD., et al. "Relations between the consumption of antimicrobial growth promoters and the occurrence of resistance among Enterococcus faecium isolated from broilers”. Epidemiology and Infection1 (2004): 95-105.
    7. Huyghebaert G., et al. "An update on alternatives to antimicrobial growth promoters for broilers”. The Veterinary Journal2 (2011): 182-188.
    8. Lee KW. “Essential oils in broiler nutrition”. Doctoral dissertation, Uttercht University (2002).
    9. Lee KW., et al. "Dietary carvacrol lowers body weight gain but improves feed conversion in female broiler chickens”. Journal of Applied Poultry Research4 (2003): 394-399.
    10. Smithx-Palmer A., et al. "Antimicrobial properties of plant essential oils and essences against five important food-borne pathogens”. Letters in Applied Microbiology 26 (1998): 118-122.
    11. Burt S. "Essential oils: their antibacterial properties and potential applications in foods-a review”. International Journal of Food Microbiology3 (2004): 223-253.
    12. Si W., et al. "Antimicrobial activity of essential oils and structurally related synthetic food additives towards selected pathogenic and beneficial gut bacteria”. Journal of Applied Microbiology2 (2006): 296-305.
    13. Lee SH., et al. "Dietary supplementation of young broiler chickens with Capsicum and turmeric oleoresins increases resistance to necrotic enteritis”. British Journal of Nutrition5 (2013): 840-847.
    14. Toghyani M., et al. "Growth performance, serum biochemistry and blood hematology of broiler chicks fed different levels of black seed (Nigella sativa) and peppermint (Mentha piperita)”. Livestock Science1-3 (2010): 173-178.
    15. Toghyani M., et al. "Evaluation of cinnamon and garlic as antibiotic growth promoter substitutions on performance, immune responses, serum biochemical and haematological parameters in broiler chicks”. Livestock Science1-3 (2011): 167-173.
    16. Prasad S., et al. "Recent developments in delivery, bioavailability, absorption and metabolism of curcumin: the golden pigment from golden spice”. Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association 46.1 (2014): 2.
    17. Singh G., et al. "Comparative study of chemical composition and antioxidant activity of fresh and dry rhizomes of turmeric (Curcuma longa Linn.)”. Food and Chemical Toxicology4 (2010): 1026-1031.
    18. Liju VB., et al. "An evaluation of antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antinociceptive activities of essential oil from Curcuma longa. L”. Indian Journal of Pharmacology5 (2011): 526-531.
    19. Parveen Z., et al. "Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil from leaves of Curcuma longa L. Kasur variety”. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences1 (2013): 117-122.
    20. Park SY., et al. "Anti-inflammatory effects of aromatic-turmerone through blocking of NF-κB, JNK, and p38 MAPK signaling pathways in amyloid β-stimulated microglia”. International Immunopharmacology1 (2012): 13-20.
    21. Yu Y., et al. "Evaluation of antioxidant activity of curcumin-free turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) oil and identification of its antioxidant constituents”. ACS Symposium Series 993 (2008): 152-164.
    22. Brahmkshatriya PP and Brahmkshatriya PS. “Terpenes: Chemistry, biological role, and therapeutic applications”. Natural Products: Phytochemistry, Botany and Metabolism of Alkaloids, Phenolics and Terpenes. Springer Verlag, Heidelberg 86 (2013): 2665-2691.
    23. Wang G., et al. "Terpenoids as therapeutic drugs and pharmaceutical agents”. In Natural products. Humana Press (2005): 197-227.
    24. AOAC International. “Official methods of analysis of AOAC International, 17th edition”. AOAC International, Gaithersburg (2000).
    25. National Research Council. “Nutrient Requirements of Poultry”. 9th review edition (Washington, DC, National Academy Press) (1994).
    26. Ahmadi F. "Effect of turmeric (Curcumin longa) powder on performance, oxidative stress state and some of blood parameters in broiler fed on diets containing aflatoxin B1”. Global Veterinaria 6 (2010): 312-317.
    27. Osawa T., et al. "Antioxidative activity of tetrahydrocurcuminoids”. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry 9 (1995): 1609-1612.
    28. Sinurat AP., et al. "The utilization of turmeric and curcuma xanthorrhiza as feed additive for broilers”. Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner 2 (2009): 90-96.
    29. Akbarian A., et al. "Growth performance and gut health parameters of finishing broilers supplemented with plant extracts and exposed to daily increased temperature”. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research 1 (2013): 109-119.
    30. Lawhavinit OA., et al. "Antimicrobial activity of curcuminoids from Curcuma longa L. on pathogenic bacteria of shrimp and chicken”. Kasetsart Journal of Natural Sciences 44 (2010): 364-371.
    31. Durrani FR., et al. "Effect of different levels of feed added turmeric (Curcuma longa) on the performance of broiler chicks”. Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science2 (2006): 9-11.
    32. Samarasinghe KL., et al. "Turmeric (Curcuma longa) root powder and mannanoligosaccharides as alternatives to antibiotics in broiler chicken diets”. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences10 (2003): 1495-1500.
    33. Al-Sultan SI. "The effect of Curcuma longa (turmeric) on overall performance of broiler chickens”. International Journal of Poultry Science5 (2003): 351-353.
    34. Mehala C and M Moorthy. "Effect of Aloe vera and Curcuma longa (Turmeric) on carcass characteristics and biochemical parameters of broilers”. International Journal of Poultry Science9 (2008): 857-861.
    35. Daneshyar M., et al. "The effects of turmeric supplementation on antioxidant status, blood gas indices and mortality in broiler chickens with T3-induced ascites”. British Poultry Science3 (2012): 379-385.
    36. Hernandez F., et al. "Influence of two plant extracts on broilers performance, digestibility, and digestive organ size”. Poultry Science2 (2004): 169-174.
    37. Sadeghi GH., et al. "Effects of cinnamon, thyme and turmeric infusions on the performance and immune response in of 1-to 21-day-old male broilers”. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science1 (2012): 15-20.
    38. Rudrappa SG and Humphrey BD. "Energy metabolism in developing chicken lymphocytes is altered during the embryonic to posthatch transition”. The Journal of Nutrition2 (2007): 427-432.
    39. Oznurlu Y., et al. "Histochemical and histological evaluations of the effects of high incubation temperature on embryonic development of thymus and bursa of Fabricius in broiler chickens”. British Poultry Sciences1 (2010): 43-51.
    40. Eevuri TR and Putturu R. "Use of certain herbal preparations in broiler feeds-A review”. Veterinary World3 (2013).
    41. Abaza IM., et al. “Evaluation of Some Natural Feed Additive in Growing Chicks Diets”. International Journal of Poultry Science9 (2008): 872-879.
    42. El-Latif SA., et al. “Effects of feeding dietary thyme, black cumin, dianthus and fennel on productive and some metabolic responses of growing Japanese quail”. Egypt Poultry Science Journal1 (2002): 106-125.
    43. Abdo ZM., et al. “Effect of hot pepper and marjoram as feed and caecal microbial population of the gastrointestinal tract of broilers”. Egypt Poultry Science Journal1 (2003): 91-113.
    44. Hassan II., et al. “Influence of some medicinal plants on performance, physiological and meat quality traits of broiler chicks”. Egypt Poultry Science Journal 24 (2004): 247-266.
    45. Osman M., et al. “Productive, Physiological, Immunological and Economical Effects of Supplementing Natural Feed Additives to Broiler Diets”. Egypt Poultry Science 1 (2010): 25-53.
    46. Kassu Y. "Effect of Supplementing Natural Feed Additives: Black Cumin, Fenugreek and Turmeric on the Growth Performance and Economic Efficiency of Broiler Chickens”. Advances in Biological Research 5 (2016): 335-344.
Citation: HM Salim., et al. “Dietary Supplementation of Turmeric Oil on Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Economy of Broiler Chickens”. EC Nutrition 16.10 (2021): 99-107.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

September Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the September issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before October 14, 2022.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.