Research Article
Volume 16 Issue 10 - 2021
Soil Health as a Determinant to Health of People: Example of Soil Selenium Deficiencies in Kintampo Area of Ghana and their Implications to Some Non-Communicable Diseases
Latifatu Alhassan Abubakar1*, Samuel Kofi Tchum1, Kenneth Wiru1 and Emmanuel Arhin2
1Kintampo Health Research Centre, Ghana Health Service, Kintampo-North, Ghana
2Department of Earth Science, Faculty of Earth and Environmental Sciences, C K. Tedam University of Technology and Applied Sciences, Navrongo, Ghana
*Corresponding Author: Latifatu Alhassan Abubakar, Kintampo Health Research Centre, Kintampo-North, Bono East Region, Ghana.
Received: August 26, 2021; Published: September 30, 2021


Selenium (Se) is a trace metalloid that is a natural constituent of many foods, and also available as a dietary supplement. Although excessive intakes of dietary Se may be harmful, insufficient intake of dietary Se may contribute to thyroid failure, cretinism, cardiomyopathy, immune dysfunction, bone defects, inflammation, male infertility, and probably increased risk of certain human cancers. In this study, a total of 43 stream sediment samples were collected along streams using geographic information system to predetermine co-ordinates in the Kintampo area of Ghana. Concentration of Se and pH were determined. Degree of contamination, pollution load and geo-accumulation indices were calculated. Information was gathered on the health indices from health centers of communities. Our findings showed that sandstones, shales, mudstones and phyllite rocks present have pH levels of 6.4 in the sediments formed over the parent rocks. Checks on the quality analysis indicated good assay repeatability among the duplicate pairs of sediment samples (p = 0.31). The geometric mean was 0.11 ppm for selenium. The analyzed results of all samples showed Se-deficiencies at over 80% of the area (i.e. Se < 0.2 mg/kg). The deficiency of Se in most areas is feared to hamper the antioxidant role of dietary supplementation of selenium for the population as they eat what they grow. The health indices data obtained from the health facilities in the study area confirmed the presence of Se-related–diseases. This thus makes healthy eating not effective mechanism of preventing element-related-diseases. However, correcting these Se-related diseases may require more than drug prescriptions by clinicians and following the advice of only nutritionists and dieticians. Concerted efforts and contributions from nutritionists, geoscientists’ particularly medical geologists and other medical workers are prerequisite to remedy some of these public health concerns.

Keywords:Selenium (Se); Soil Health; Non-Communicable Diseases


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Citation: Latifatu Alhassan Abubakar., et al. “Soil Health as a Determinant to Health of People: Example of Soil Selenium Deficiencies in Kintampo Area of Ghana and their Implications to Some Non-Communicable Diseases”. EC Nutrition 16.10 (2021): 139-143.

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