Research Article
Volume 16 Issue 11 - 2021
Nutritional Status and Quality of Life of Adults Living with HIV/AIDs at Muhima District Hospital, Rwanda

Charles Jimmy Rurangwa, Solange Nikwigize, Erigene Rutayisire* and Gabriel Owor Owino

1Department of Public Health, Mount Kenya University Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda
*Corresponding Author: Erigene Rutayisire, Head of Public Health Department, Mount Kenya University Rwanda, Kigali, Rwanda.
Received: October 10, 2021; Published: October 29, 2021


Malnutrition, especially wasting has been one of the most hallmarks in HIV disease for years and it is thought to play a synergistic role in immunosuppressant initiated by HIV, and also has been proposed to be an independent risk factor of HIV disease progression. This study aims to assess nutritional status and quality of life among PLWHA at Muhima District hospital. A cross sectional descriptive survey was conducted at Muhima District Hospital using a quantitative approach. A sample of 372 PLWHA was estimated. Respondents were selected among PLWH from all health centers of Muhima District Hospital through systematic sampling. Data was collected using structured questionnaire. Data were entered and analyzed using SPSS 21; and descriptive statistics was used to generate frequencies and percentages while logistic regression analysis was performed to examine the factors associated with quality of life among PLWH. Respondents signed informed prior to the participation in the study. Of 372 people living with HIV/AIDs, 200 (53.8%) were female, 112 (30.1%) were married, 197 (53%) had primary level of education. Regarding nutritional status, the findings revealed that 152 (40.9%) were overweight or obese, 37 (9.9%) were underweight, 32.5% demonstrated poor quality of live. The findings revealed that people aged less than 40 years old are more likely to have good quality of life with [AOR = 2.440; 95%CI = 1.373 - 4.334; P = 0.002] compared to people aged above 50 years old. Compare to respondents without job, the findings revealed those who had small business were more likely to have poor quality of life [AOR = 0.189; 95%CI = 0.054 - 0.669; P = 0.01]. Respondents who were overweight or obese were more likely to have poor quality of life [AOR = 0.134; 95%CI = 0.056 - 0.322; P = 0.001] compared to those with normal weight. There is a need to continue follow-up people living with HIV/AIDs and provide additional support to those with poor socio-economic conditions.

Keywords: HIV/AIDs; Nutritional Status; People Living with HIV; Muhima Hospital


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Citation: Erigene Rutayisire., et al.“ Nutritional Status and Quality of Life of Adults Living with HIV/AIDs at Muhima District Hospital, Rwanda”. EC Nutrition 16.11 (2021): 29-37.

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