Research Article
Volume 16 Issue 12 - 2021
Food Safety Knowledge and Practices among Restaurant Food Handlers in Kicukiro District, Rwanda

Francoise Uwizeyimana, Solange Nikwigize and Erigene Rutayisire*

Department of Public Health, Mount Kenya University, Kigali, Rwanda
*Corresponding Author: Erigene Rutayisire, Department of Public Health, Mount Kenya University, Kigali, Rwanda.
Received: October 13, 2021; Published: November 29, 2021




Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the food safety knowledge and practices among food handlers in restaurants located in Kicukiro District, Rwanda. The study was conducted in restaurants and a total of 349 food handlers working in selected restaurants was identified and recruited to participate in the study. A cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the application of five keys of food handlers and to achieve the study objectives a quantitative approach was adopted. Sample size was drawn from the target population by using Cochran formula for sample size calculation in unknown total population. Structured questionnaire was used for data collection including questions about: socio-demographic characteristics, food handling practices, personal hygiene and food borne illnesses. Data analysis was performed using the Statistics Package of Social Sciences (SPSS). Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the factors associated with food safety practices with a significant level of p-value less than 0.05. A total of 349 food-handlers participated in the study, of them the majority 181 (51.9%) of respondents were male, 132 (37.8%) were aged 35 and above and 169 (48.4%) were single. The findings on overall knowledge show that 33.8% had moderate/higher food safety knowledge and only 9.7% had good food safety practices. The study found that food-handlers aged 12 - 17 were four times more likely to have poor food safety practices compared to those aged 35 years and above [AoR = 4.031, 95% CI: 1.275 - 12.743, P = 0.018]. Food handlers still need on-job training on food safety and improved awareness on WHO recommended food handling procedure.

Keywords: Food Handlers; Food Safety; Knowledge; Food Safety Practices; Rwanda

References

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Citation: Francoise Uwizeyimana., et al. “Food Safety Knowledge and Practices among Restaurant Food Handlers in Kicukiro District, Rwanda”. EC Nutrition 16.12 (2021): 17-27.

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