Research Article
Volume 17 Issue 4 - 2022
Optimal Breastfeeding Practice and Associated Factors among Mothers having Infants Aged 0 - 6 Months in Southern Ethiopia
Mahlet Birhane Estifanose1, Genene Teshome Dagne2, Abebech Yilma Woldemariam2, Hailu Hailemariam Reda3 and Fentaw Wassie Feleke4*
1Department of Public Health, College of Health Science and Medicine, Dilla University, Dilla, Ethiopia
2Department of Maternal and Child Health Nutrition, Southern Nation and Nationalities Health Bureau, Hawassa, Ethiopia
3Department of Human Nutrition, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
4College of Health Science, Woldia University, Woldia, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Fentaw Wassie Feleke, College of Health Science, Woldia University, Woldia, Ethiopia.
Received: March 16, 2022; Published: March 29, 2022


Introduction: The purpose of this study was to assess optimal breastfeeding practice and its associated factors among mothers of infants aged 6 months in south Ethiopia, 2020.

Methods: The Sample size was calculated by using a single population proportion formula. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 414 child-mother pairs. A two-stage sampling through a pretested semi-structured questionnaire with a face-to-face interview technique was conducted. Data were entered Epi data entry version 4.6.2 and exported to Statistical Product and Service Solutions version 25 for analysis. A predictor variable with a p-value < 0.25 at bi-variable analysis was included in the multivariable logistic regression model and the variable with a p-value < 0.05 in the final model was taken as statistically significant independent predictors with a 95% confidence interval.

Result: The optimal breastfeeding practice was 59.9%. Family planning utilization (AOR: 0.2; 95% CI (0.13 - 0.39), postnatal care (AOR: 0.25 ; 95% CI (0.11 - 0.57), infant age (AOR: 2.23; 95% CI (1.33 - 3.75), age of mother 25 – 34 yrs (AOR: 2.27 ; 95% CI (1.18 - 4.35) and ≥ 35 years (AOR: 3.65,95% CI; 1.34 - 9.91), delivery assistant (AOR: 0.29,95% CI; 0.15 - 0.59) and head of household (AOR:4.59,95% CI;1.87-11.33) were significant predictors of optimal breastfeeding practice.

Conclusion: The optimal breastfeeding practice was 59.9%. Child and maternal age, family planning, postnatal care, delivery assistant, and head of households were significantly associated with the outcome variable. Promotion of optimal breastfeeding through nutritional counselling during postnatal and family planning service to achieve the maximum rate of optimal breastfeeding practice has needed.


Keywords: Gurage Zone; Lactating Mothers; Less Than 6 Months Child; And Optimal Breastfeeding Practice


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Citation: Fentaw Wassie Feleke., et al. “Optimal Breastfeeding Practice and Associated Factors among Mothers having Infants Aged 0 - 6 Months in Southern Ethiopia”. EC Nutrition 17.4 (2022): 01-12.

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