Volume 17 Issue 4 - 2022
Human Health Risks of Essential Zinc and Copper in the Topsoils: The Need for Continuous Assessments
Chee Kong Yap1*, Wan Mohd Syazwan1, Noor Azrizal-Wahid1, Geetha Annavi1, Wen Siang Tan2,3, Muskhazli Mustafa1, Rosimah Nulit1, Mohd Amiruddin Abdul Rahman4, Chee Wah Yap5, Franklin Berandah Edward6, and Takaomi Arai7
1Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
1Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2Laboratory of Vaccines and Biomolecules, Institute of Bioscience, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
3Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
4MES SOLUTIONS, 22C-1, Jalan BK 5A/2A, Bandar Kinrara, Puchong, Selangor, Malaysia
5Natural Resources and Environment Board, Petra Jaya, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia
6Environmental and Life Sciences Programme, Faculty of Science, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Jalan Tungku Link, Gadong, Brunei Darussalam
*Corresponding Author: Chee Kong Yap, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
Received: April 01, 2022; Published: March 31, 2022


Topsoil metal pollution has detrimental impacts on human health. Despite the growing numbers of publications on the human health risk assessments (HHRA) of essential zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) in the topsoils of various land uses, a more detailed understanding of HHRA of the topsoil metals is still relatively scarce. Therefore, this paper aims to review and highlight the importance of soil pollution of essential Cu and Zn for the HHRA. According to selected literature, land uses with high anthropogenic inputs usually exhibited higher hazard quotient values for three pathways (ingestion > skin contact > inhalation ingestion) of the metals Increasing levels of topsoil metal pollution in recent years have concerned scientists and environmental managers because of their significant impacts on the ecosystem and human’s health entering the body systems of adults and children. It was evident that the non-carcinogenic risks of essential Cu and Zn had no substantial negative health implications on adults and children. Nevertheless, continuous HHRA of these essential metals in the polluted soils of varied land uses is still necessary to preserve human health and well-being.

Keywords: Health Risk; Essential Metals; Topsoils


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Citation: Chee Kong Yap., et al. “Human Health Risks of Essential Zinc and Copper in the Topsoils: The Need for Continuous Assessments”. EC Nutrition 17.4 (2022): 89-92.

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