Research Article
Volume 17 Issue 6 - 2022
Nutritional Characteristics and Nutritional Diseases of St. Petersburg Residents
Dotsenko VA1*, Bashmakov VP2, Mosiychuk LV3 and Moshchev AN4
1Professor, Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation, Academician of the International Academy of Ecology and Life Protection Sciences, Saint Petersburg, Russia
2Associate Professor of the Physical Training Department of the Saint-Petersburg State University of Film and Television, St. Petersburg, Russia
3Associate Professor of the Nutrition Hygiene Department of the North-West State Medical University Named After I.I. Mechnikov, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia
4Associate Professor of the General and Military Hygiene Department of the North-West State Medical University Named After I.I. Mechnikov, St. Petersburg, Russia
*Corresponding Author: Dotsenko VA, Professor, Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation, Academician of the International Academy of Ecology and Life Protection Sciences, Saint Petersburg, Russia.
Received: May 02, 2022; Published: May 27, 2022


A sociological study was conducted among 1200 St. Petersburg residents over 18 years of age (674 women, 526 men). According to the estimates of their anthropometric data provided by the surveyed St. Petersburg residents, almost half (45.6%) of them have nutritional disorders in the form of body mass index deviation from the normal values in the direction of increased body weight. The increase in body mass index from the norm occurs as the respondents age increases. Thus, pensioners have nutritional disorders in the form of excess body weight in 28.1% and obesity in 35.5%. When assessing diet, respondents indicated that not everyone has the opportunity to eat lunch and dinner at a certain time. The vast majority of St. Petersburg residents said that vegetables and fruits are present in their diet almost every day but the amount of their consumption is insufficient. A pessimistic picture emerges of the feedback on the foods consumption enriched with vitamins and other biologically active food components. Excessive consumption of fats, sugar and confectionery, as well as pasta, cereals, bread and potatoes are more frequently present in the daily diet of those without higher education, while St. Petersburg residents with higher education are less likely to exclude dairy products, vegetables and fruits from their diet. The vast majority (75.3%) of city residents believe that irrational nutrition is harmful and can cause severe alimentary and alimentary-dependent diseases. Women, young people and those with higher education are somewhat more likely to be convinced of this.

Keywords: Nutritional Assessment; Population; Body Mass Index; Nutritional Diseases; Excess Body Weight; Obesity; Food Consumption; Age; Gender; Income; Education


  1. Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of January 21, 2020, № 20 "On Approval of the Doctrine of Food Security of the Russian Federation.
  2. Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 1364-r of June 29, 2016 "Strategy for Improving the Quality of Food Products in the Russian Federation until 2030".
  3. Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of October 25, 2010 N 1873 R "On the foundations of state policy in the field of healthy the population nutrition of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2020".
  4. Anoshkina NL. “Evaluation of physical development, actual nutrition and nutritional status in persons of adolescent age”. PhD manuscript, Lipetsk (2005): 173.
  5. Dotsenko VA. “Practical Guide to Sanitary Supervision of Food and Processing Industry, Public Catering and Trade: tutorial”. 5th revised and expanded: GIORD (2021): 832.
  6. Kuroptev AA. “Assessment and correction of the diet of the population of different age groups”. PhD manuscript. Nizhny Novgorod (2007): 134.
  7. Razina AO., et al. “The problem of obesity: current trends in Russia and in the world”. Vestnik RAMS2 (2016): 154-159.
  8. Sazonova OV. “Studying the state of actual nutrition, justification and development of a program to optimize the population nutrition of the Samara region”. M.D. manuscript - Samara (2011): 277.
  9. Topanova AA. “Evaluation of nutritional status and individual nutritional correction of young athletes”. PhD manuscript (2009): 143.
  10. Sharipov MM. “Rational the population nutrition as a component of its quality of life in a market economy”. PhD manuscript, Kazan (2010): 24.
  11. Global Health Observatory Data Repository. Report WHO [Internet]. Geneva: World Health Organization (2013).
Citation: Dotsenko VA., et al. “Nutritional Characteristics and Nutritional Diseases of St. Petersburg Residents”. EC Nutrition 17.6 (2022): 01-06.

PubMed Indexed Article

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
LC-UV-MS and MS/MS Characterize Glutathione Reactivity with Different Isomers (2,2' and 2,4' vs. 4,4') of Methylene Diphenyl-Diisocyanate.

PMID: 31143884 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6536005

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Alzheimer's Pathogenesis, Metal-Mediated Redox Stress, and Potential Nanotheranostics.

PMID: 31565701 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6764777

EC Neurology
Differences in Rate of Cognitive Decline and Caregiver Burden between Alzheimer's Disease and Vascular Dementia: a Retrospective Study.

PMID: 27747317 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5065347

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Will Blockchain Technology Transform Healthcare and Biomedical Sciences?

PMID: 31460519 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6711478

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Is it a Prime Time for AI-powered Virtual Drug Screening?

PMID: 30215059 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133253

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Analysis of Evidence for the Combination of Pro-dopamine Regulator (KB220PAM) and Naltrexone to Prevent Opioid Use Disorder Relapse.

PMID: 30417173 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6226033

EC Anaesthesia
Arrest Under Anesthesia - What was the Culprit? A Case Report.

PMID: 30264037 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6155992

EC Orthopaedics
Distraction Implantation. A New Technique in Total Joint Arthroplasty and Direct Skeletal Attachment.

PMID: 30198026 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6124505

EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine
Prevalence and factors associated with self-reported chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged 40-79: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2012.

PMID: 30294723 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6169793

EC Dental Science
Important Dental Fiber-Reinforced Composite Molding Compound Breakthroughs

PMID: 29285526 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5743211

EC Microbiology
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites Among HIV Infected and HIV Uninfected Patients Treated at the 1o De Maio Health Centre in Maputo, Mozambique

PMID: 29911204 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5999047

EC Microbiology
Macrophages and the Viral Dissemination Super Highway

PMID: 26949751 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4774560

EC Microbiology
The Microbiome, Antibiotics, and Health of the Pediatric Population.

PMID: 27390782 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4933318

EC Microbiology
Reactive Oxygen Species in HIV Infection

PMID: 28580453 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5450819

EC Microbiology
A Review of the CD4 T Cell Contribution to Lung Infection, Inflammation and Repair with a Focus on Wheeze and Asthma in the Pediatric Population

PMID: 26280024 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC4533840

EC Neurology
Identifying Key Symptoms Differentiating Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome from Multiple Sclerosis

PMID: 28066845 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5214344

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Paradigm Shift is the Normal State of Pharmacology

PMID: 28936490 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5604476

EC Neurology
Examining those Meeting IOM Criteria Versus IOM Plus Fibromyalgia

PMID: 28713879 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5510658

EC Neurology
Unilateral Frontosphenoid Craniosynostosis: Case Report and a Review of the Literature

PMID: 28133641 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5267489

EC Ophthalmology
OCT-Angiography for Non-Invasive Monitoring of Neuronal and Vascular Structure in Mouse Retina: Implication for Characterization of Retinal Neurovascular Coupling

PMID: 29333536 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5766278

EC Neurology
Longer Duration of Downslope Treadmill Walking Induces Depression of H-Reflexes Measured during Standing and Walking.

PMID: 31032493 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6483108

EC Microbiology
Onchocerciasis in Mozambique: An Unknown Condition for Health Professionals.

PMID: 30957099 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6448571

EC Nutrition
Food Insecurity among Households with and without Podoconiosis in East and West Gojjam, Ethiopia.

PMID: 30101228 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6086333

EC Ophthalmology
REVIEW. +2 to +3 D. Reading Glasses to Prevent Myopia.

PMID: 31080964 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6508883

EC Gynaecology
Biomechanical Mapping of the Female Pelvic Floor: Uterine Prolapse Versus Normal Conditions.

PMID: 31093608 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6513001

EC Dental Science
Fiber-Reinforced Composites: A Breakthrough in Practical Clinical Applications with Advanced Wear Resistance for Dental Materials.

PMID: 31552397 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6758937

EC Microbiology
Neurocysticercosis in Child Bearing Women: An Overlooked Condition in Mozambique and a Potentially Missed Diagnosis in Women Presenting with Eclampsia.

PMID: 31681909 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824723

EC Microbiology
Molecular Detection of Leptospira spp. in Rodents Trapped in the Mozambique Island City, Nampula Province, Mozambique.

PMID: 31681910 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6824726

EC Neurology
Endoplasmic Reticulum-Mitochondrial Cross-Talk in Neurodegenerative and Eye Diseases.

PMID: 31528859 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6746603

EC Psychology and Psychiatry
Can Chronic Consumption of Caffeine by Increasing D2/D3 Receptors Offer Benefit to Carriers of the DRD2 A1 Allele in Cocaine Abuse?

PMID: 31276119 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6604646

EC Anaesthesia
Real Time Locating Systems and sustainability of Perioperative Efficiency of Anesthesiologists.

PMID: 31406965 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6690616

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
A Pilot STEM Curriculum Designed to Teach High School Students Concepts in Biochemical Engineering and Pharmacology.

PMID: 31517314 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6741290

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic Mechanisms Underlying Motor Activity Changes Induced by a Mixture of Lead, Arsenic and Manganese.

PMID: 31633124 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6800226

EC Neurology
Research Volunteers' Attitudes Toward Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.

PMID: 29662969 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC5898812

EC Pharmacology and Toxicology
Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Alzheimer's Disease.

PMID: 30215058 [PubMed]

PMCID: PMC6133268

News and Events

September Issue Release

We always feel pleasure to share our updates with you all. Here, notifying you that we have successfully released the September issue of respective journals and the latest articles can be viewed on the current issue pages.

Submission Deadline for Upcoming Issue

ECronicon delightfully welcomes all the authors around the globe for effective collaboration with an article submission for the upcoming issue of respective journals. Submissions are accepted on/before October 14, 2022.

Certificate of Publication

ECronicon honors with a "Publication Certificate" to the corresponding author by including the names of co-authors as a token of appreciation for publishing the work with our respective journals.

Best Article of the Issue

Editors of respective journals will always be very much interested in electing one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of the selected article will be honored with a "Best Article of the Issue" certificate.

Certifying for Review

ECronicon certifies the Editors for their first review done towards the assigned article of the respective journals.

Latest Articles

The latest articles will be updated immediately on the articles in press page of the respective journals.