Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 4 - 2021
Quality of Life for Visually Impaired People
Atipo-Tsiba PW1,2,3*, Gantsala ARN2,3, Messe Ambia Koulimaya RC2,3 and Eballe AO4
1Faculty of Health Sciences, Marien Ngouabi University of Brazzaville, Congo
2Ophthalmology Department, University Hospital of Brazzaville, Congo
3Clinique Médical Optique, Brazzaville, Congo
4Faculty of Medicine, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon
*Corresponding Author: Atipo-Tsiba PW, Associate Professor of Ophthalmology, Marien Ngouabi University of Brazzaville and Head of Ophthalmology Department, University Hospital of Brazzaville, Congo.
Received: February 17, 2021; Published: March 31, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: Low vision can be congenital or acquired. The socialization of people with major visual impairment is a reality in rich countries. In Africa poverty and illiteracy are still their daily conditions.

Objective: To assess the quality of life of visually impaired people in Brazzaville.

Materials and Methods: Analytical cross-sectional study carried out over a period of 7 months. The sample was made up of 3 groups of 35 adults each matched for their age. Group 1 (G1) and group 2 (G2) were formed respectively of people with congenital and acquired blindness, group 3 or control group formed of people without visual impairment (10/10-P2). The parameters analyzed: Illiteracy, unemployment, celibacy, help for getting around and for reading, society's view. The Odd ratio with its significance threshold (p < 0.05) was the statistical test used for data analysis and comparison.

Results: Average age: 48.6 ± 7.4 years vs 49.4 ± 8.6 years vs 51.7 ± 7.9 years (p > 0.05). Illiteracy rate: 71.4% vs 17.1% vs 14.2% (p < 0.05). Unemployment rate: 91.4% vs 60.0% vs 37.1% (p < 0.05). Celibacy rate: 94.3% vs 80% vs 5.7% (p < 0.05). Help for getting around: 65.7% (G1) vs 31.4% (G2) (p < 0.05). Help for reading: 71.4% (G1) vs 14.3% (G2) (p < 0.05). Society’s view: Compassionate (85.7%) vs Contemptuous (94.3%) vs Benevolent (97.1%).

Conclusion: Low vision is a source of school dropout, unemployment, celibacy, social discrimination and great psychological distress.

 

Keywords: Visual Impairment; Illiteracy; Poverty; Desocialization

References

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  4. Fintz A., et al. “Qualité de vie des déficients visuels adultes après prise en charge en basse vision : étude pilote”. Journal Français D'Ophtalmologie 34 (2011): 526-531.
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  9. Capella-McDonnall M. “The need for health promotion for adults who are visually impaired”. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness3 (2007): 133-145.
Citation: Atipo-Tsiba PW., et al. “Quality of Life for Visually Impaired People”. EC Ophthalmology 12.4 (2021): 30-35.

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