Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 5 - 2021
Globe Fixation to Nasal Periosteum with Superior Oblique Muscle Tendon in Patients with Large-Angle Exotropia
Manuela Franco1,2, Juan Martín Grice1,2, Juan Nicolas Barreto1,3, Marcela Lonngi4 and Monica Rodriguez5,6*
1Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Universitario de la Samaritana, Bogotá, Colombia
2Ophthalmology Trainee Program, Universidad de la Sabana, Cundinamarca, Colombia
3School of Medicine, Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia
4Department of Ophthalmology, Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Fundación Hospital Pediátrico la Misericordia, Bogotá, Colombia
55Department of Ophthalmology, Pediatric Ophthalmology and Adult Strabismus, Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad del Rosario, Bogotá, Colombia
6Department of Ophthalmology, Pediatric Ophthalmology and Adult Strabismus, Fundación Oftalmológica Nacional, Bogotá, Colombia
*Corresponding Author: Monica Rodriguez, Department of Ophthalmology, Pediatric Ophthalmology and Adult Strabismus, Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad del Rosario and Department of Ophthalmology, Pediatric Ophthalmology and Adult Strabismus, Fundación Oftalmológica Nacional, Bogotá, Colombia.
Received: February 03, 2021; Published: April 30, 2021




Abstract

Aims: To report the surgical results of lateral rectus muscle (LR) recession, medial rectus muscle (MR) resection and fixation to nasal periosteum with superior oblique muscle tendon (SO) transposition in the restoration and maintenance of ocular alignment in primary position for patients with large-angle exotropia.

Methods: The medical records of patients who underwent surgery between 2009 and 2019 for large-angle exotropia treated with fixation to nasal periosteum with superior oblique (SO) transposition were reviewed. All patients underwent a preoperative assessment, including a detailed ophthalmologic examination.

Results: A total of 3 patients (age range, 14 - 48 years) with different etiologies were included. The median preoperative horizontal deviation was 95 Prism Diopter (PD) and no vertical deviation. The median postoperative horizontal residual exodeviation was 14 PD, and the vertical deviation was 8 PD in just one case. All cases were vertically and horizontal aligned within 10 PD and 20 PD of deviation, respectively.

Conclusion: Lateral rectus recession, medial rectus resection, and superior oblique transposition with nasal periosteum fixation could be used to obtain adequate anatomical and functional results in patients with large-angle exotropia, especially for patients with third nerve palsy.

Keywords: Strabismus; Exotropia; Large-Angle Exotropia; Oculomotor Muscles; Rectus Muscles; Muscle Recession; Muscle Resection; Globe Fixation; Transposition; Oblique Muscles

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Citation: Monica Rodriguez., et al. “Globe Fixation to Nasal Periosteum with Superior Oblique Muscle Tendon in Patients with Large-Angle Exotropia”. EC Ophthalmology 12.5 (2021): 42-48.

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