Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 11 - 2021
OCT Findings in Patients with COVID-19 in a Third Level Hospital
José R Mier-Bolio1*, Jhovan E López-Camacho2, Juan D De la Torre-Tovar3, Elizabeth Baques-Guillén4, José M Arroyo-González4 and Gerardo Rivera-Arroyo5
1Second-Year Retina and Vitreous Fellow of the Central Military Hospital, Miguel Hidalgo, Mexico City, Mexico
2Ophthalmology Resident of the Military Graduate School of Health, University of the Army and Air Force, Mexico City, Mexico
3Head of the Ophthalmology Service of the Central Military Hospital, Miguel Hidalgo, Mexico City, Mexico
4A Physician Attached to the Retina and Vitreous Service of the Central Military Hospital, Miguel Hidalgo, Mexico City, Mexico
5Head of the Retina and Vitreous Service of the Central Military Hospital, Miguel Hidalgo, Mexico City, Mexico
*Corresponding Author: José R Mier-Bolio, Second-Year Retina and Vitreous Fellow of the Central Military Hospital, Miguel Hidalgo, Mexico City, Mexico.
Received: September 24, 2021; Published: October 27, 2021




Abstract

Objective: To determine the findings using OCT in patients diagnosed with COVID-19, at the Central Military Hospital in Mexico City.

Material and Methods: Observational, descriptive, transversal and prospective study, in which spectral domain OCT was performed on patients diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 to obtain the thicknesses of: nerve fiber layer, macular thickness, ganglion cell complex and choroidal thickness.

Results: 64 eyes from 32 people were studied, 26 (81%) male and 6 (19%) female. The average age was 44±12 years. Near visual acuity in 75% of the population was 0.0 in logMAR units. The average thicknesses measured in (SD) that were obtained by OCT were the following: ganglion cell complex 79 µm ± 9 µm, macular thickness 246 µm ± 21 µm, choroidal thickness 69 µm ± 18 µm and nerve fiber thickness 97 µm ± 12 µm. In 57% of the eyes assessed, hyperreflective images were observed, which are located between the layer of nerve fibers and ganglion cells. The frequency of ocular symptoms in the whole population was 16%. Data were collected from prognostic markers of the disease, which were based on C-reactive protein, D-dimer and lymphocyte count.

Conclusion: In this study, no OCT alterations secondary to SARS-CoV-2 were found.

Keywords: COVID-19; Tomographic Findings; Hyperreflective Lesions; Optical Coherence Tomography

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Citation: José R Mier-Bolio., et al. “OCT Findings in Patients with COVID-19 in a Third Level Hospital”. EC Ophthalmology 12.11 (2021): 15-22.

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