Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 11 - 2021
Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Regarding the Cataract among Adult in the Town of Parakou in 2020
Codjo Rodrigue Abel Assavedo1*, Kokou Messan Amedome3, Amadou Issifou Alfa Bio1, Florian Akponi1, Salimatou Monteiro1, Chakiratou Abouki2 and Soule Alamou2
1Ophthalmology Teaching and Research Unit, Department of Surgery and Surgical Specialties, Faculty of Medicine, University of Parakou, State of Borgou, Republic of Benin
2Ophthalmology Teaching and Research Unit of Hospital-Center-Hubert Koutoukou MAGA of Cotonou, University of Abomey, Calavi
3Ophthalmology Teaching and Research Unit of Hospital Center of Kara, University of Kara, Togo Republic
*Corresponding Author: Codjo Rodrigue Abel Assavedo, Ophthalmology Teaching and Research Unit, Department of Surgery and Surgical Specialties, Faculty of Medicine, University of Parakou, State of Borgou, Republic of Benin.
Received: July 17, 2021; Published: October 29, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: Cataract is the partial or total opacification of the lens with progressive visual decrease. It is the main cause of reversible non-refractive blindness in the world.

Purpose: To assess knowledges, attitudes and practices related to cataract in the adult population of the commune of Parakou in 2020.

Patients and Methods: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study that took place in July 2020. It involved all subjects who had been permanently resident in the commune of Parakou for at least 12 months, were at least 18 years old and had signed a free and informed consent form.

Results: A total of 720 subjects had participated in the study. The mean age was 29.33 ± 12.40 years. The male sex was more represented (59.58%). The secondary level was represented with 35.14% and as concerned the occupation 35.83% were students. It emerged that 66.33% of the subjects had heard about eye diseases, among which 70.73% had heard about cataract. But only 0.14% had a good knowledge of the disease. The attitude was bad at 62.22%. It emerged that 19.3% of the subjects in our study had good cataract practices. Marital status and age were statistically related to knowledge, and socio-professional category and education level were statistically related to cataract practice.

Conclusion: The level of cataract knowledges, attitudes and practices in the commune of Parakou in northern Benin is very poor. The promotion of information, education and communication on cataract among the population must be undertaken in order to reduce the rate of reversible blindness related to this pathology.

Keywords: Cataract; Knowledge; Attitude; Practice; Parakou

References

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Citation: Codjo Rodrigue Abel Assavedo., et al. “Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Regarding the Cataract among Adult in the Town of Parakou in 2020”. EC Ophthalmology 12.11 (2021): 32-42

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