Literature Review
Volume 12 Issue 12 - 2021
The New Era and the Novel Glaucoma Procedures: A Literature Review on Glaucoma Surgical Procedures

Rehab Ismail*

Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle, UK
*Corresponding Author: Rehab Ismail, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle, UK.
Received: September 19, 2021; Published: November 18, 2021




Trabeculectomy is still considered the commonest surgical procedure for intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction and management of glaucoma.

This surgical procedure has been in clinical use for more than forty years. However, despite good results, the procedure is still hampered with some significant complications. In the last decade, glaucoma experts have therefore, embarked into other surgical procedures with the aim to control IOP and reduce the postoperative complications. The reviewers hereby described the various glaucoma surgical interventions and assessed whether trabeculectomy would be surviving in the face of the evolving new techniques.

The researchers underwent a literature review of trabeculectomy outcomes and other novel glaucoma procedures. The reviewers compared trabeculectomy outcomes with the newer surgical procedures.

A literature review of all published reviews, HTA reports between January 1985 and January 2019 of all glaucoma surgical procedures published in English language was conducted. The searched databases were Ovid Medline and other non-indexed citations as well as The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

The search strategy identified 562 abstracts. Fifty-one full articles were retrieved and included in the review for analysis. Currently there are no published randomised studies comparing these novel procedures with trabeculectomy or with other novel procedures.

This work provided the clinicians and other academic researchers and reviewers with insight on glaucoma surgery, comparing the standard trabeculectomy procedure with the new armamentarium in glaucoma surgery. The current literature suggests that well-designed studies providing evidence-based comparisons of the trabeculectomy and the novel glaucoma procedures are lacking.

Keywords: Glaucoma; Trabeculectomy; MIGS, IOP; Tubes

References

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Citation: Rehab Ismail. “The New Era and the Novel Glaucoma Procedures: A Literature Review on Glaucoma Surgical Procedures”. EC Ophthalmology 12.12 (2021): 55-68.

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