Research Article
Volume 12 Issue 4 - 2021
Clinical Outcomes Based on Oswestry Disability Index After Lumbar Disc Ablation and Disc Prolapse in Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia
Zaid Abdullatif AlZaid1*, Abduaziz Mohammed Alhawas1*, Khalid Alhumam2, Ibrahim Sallout1, Abdulrahman AlRowili1, Razan Je’aan1, Mohammed AlMutawa3, Mohammed S Alarbash4, Raghad Ibrahim Al-johani5, Bashair Khalid Al-Otaibi5, Sadeem Abdullah Al-Bulaihed6, Ibrahim Al Yaeesh7 and Abdullah Al-Othman8
11Orthopedic resident, King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al- Khobar, Saudi Arabia
22Orthopedic resident, King Abdulaziz Hospital, Al Mubarraz, Saudi Arabia
33Orthopedic resident, Dammam Medical Complex, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
44Orthopedic resident, King Fahd Hospital Al-Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
55Medical student, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Al- Khobar, Saudi Arabia
66Medical student, Alfaisal University, Al-Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
7Medical Intern, King Faisal University, Al-Hofuf, Saudi Arabia
8Professor, King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al- Khobar, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author: Zaid Abdullatif AlZaid and Abduaziz Mohammed Alhawas, Orthopedic Resident, King Fahd Hospital of the University, Al- Khobar, Saudi Arabia.
Received: February 06, 2021; Published: March 18, 2021




Abstract

Introduction: Lower back pain has been defined as pain arising from the back between the costal arch and the natal cleft, regardless if there’s any radiation. Lower back pain is further subcategorized into chronic and acute, with 3 months being the cutoff period.

Aim: This study aimed to determine the difference in the disability of patients before and after lumbar disc ablation procedure.

Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study design conducted among patients who underwent lumbar disc ablation and disc prolapse in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Data were gathered in the patient chart from September 2018 to May 2020. Patients’ data were taken from their files including basic demographic profiles, radiculopathy symptoms, pervious spine operation, and chronic illnesses. Pain scale and Oswestry disability index preoperative and postoperative were also obtained. All statistical data were analyzed using Statistical Packages for Software Sciences version 21.

Results: Patients’ mean age was 50.3 (SD 10.5) years old with more than a half (57.7%) were females. Statistical tests showed that the mean score of Oswestry disability index was significantly improved from mean 42.1% (SD13.9%) at baseline to mean 20.6% (SD 13.6%) post intervention (mean diff: 21.497%; 95% CI = 6.934 - 12.339; p < 0.001). None of the patients presented with crippled disability level after the treatment. In addition, unemployed and patients with chronic diseases had significantly higher ODI score than their counterparts which was measured after the procedure.

Conclusion: There was a significant improvement of functional status after the procedure for lumbar disc ablation. Unemployed patients and those with chronic disease were more prone to disability than their counterparts.

Keywords: Oswestry Disability Index; Pain scale; Lumbar Disc Ablation; Eastern Province

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Citation: Zaid Abdullatif AlZaid and Abduaziz Mohammed Alhawas., et al. “Clinical Outcomes Based on Oswestry Disability Index After Lumbar Disc Ablation and Disc Prolapse in Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia”. EC Orthopaedics 12.4 (2021): 08-19.

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