Research Article
Volume 9 Issue 3 - 2020
Epidemiology of and Factors Associated with Innocent Heart Murmurs in Children between 2 Months and 18 Years: A Cross Sectional Study (2017 - 2018), Specialist Children Hospital, Dubai
Rouzy AlHalak1 and Mahmoud Alsoufi2*
1Mohammed Bin Rashid University of Medicine and Health Sciences, College of Medicine, UAE
2Consultant Pediatric Cardiology, Aljalila Children Specialty Hospital, Dubai, UAE
*Corresponding Author: Mahmoud Alsoufi, Consultant Pediatric Cardiology, Aljalila Children Specialty Hospital, Dubai, UAE.
Received: November 25, 2019; Published: February 10, 2020




Abstract

Objective: Investigate the epidemiology of innocent heart murmurs in children and analyse their characteristics with regards to the development of symptoms and heart abnormalities on tests, in AlJalila Children Specialty hospital in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Methods: This is a cross sectional study that was conducted on 610 patients in AlJalila Children Specialty hospital in Dubai, UAE between 1 January 2017 and end of December 2018. Data was collected from patients’ files and analysed on SPSS. The variables collected included demographic data like age and gender. It also included variables specific to the murmur like the type of murmur, its intensity and associated symptoms. We also looked at multiple tests like Echocardiogram, electrocardiogram and chest X-ray.

Results: From the total 610 patients, only 48 had cardiovascular symptoms. Moreover, all patients either had normal Echocardiogram without any finding or had accidental physiological findings like a closing Patent foramen ovale, mild tricuspid regurgitation or small atrial septal defect. None of the 610 patients showed major abnormalities or defects in the heart. Most of the patients who had murmurs were between the age of 2 months and 5 years old (71.3%).

Conclusion: This study showed that innocent heart murmurs are more likely to occur in younger children. It also concluded that innocent heart murmurs are asymptomatic and do not show any abnormality in the heart on echocardiogram, electrocardiogram and chest X-ray. These results can aid healthcare professionals in classifying murmurs. Thus, they minimize unnecessary investigations and reduce anxiety and costs on the patient’s family.

Keywords: Heart Murmurs; Echocardiogram; Electrocardiogram

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Citation: Rouzy AlHalak and Mahmoud Alsoufi. “Epidemiology of and Factors Associated with Innocent Heart Murmurs in Children between 2 Months and 18 Years: A Cross Sectional Study (2017 - 2018), Specialist Children Hospital, Dubai”. EC Paediatrics 9.3 (2020): 01-10.

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