Research Article
Volume 9 Issue 3 - 2020
Nutritional Status of Children Aged 6 to 59 Months of the Baka Pygmy Population in the East Region of Cameroon
Andreas Chiabi1,2*, Nelly Kamgaing1,3, Nestor Atangana Onana1, Félicitée Nguefack Dongmo1,2, Daniel A Kago Tague1,2, Annette Anke Gentry1 and Marie Therese Obama1
1Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon
2Yaounde Gynaeco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital, Cameroon
3University Teaching Hospital, Yaounde, Cameroon
*Corresponding Author: Andreas Chiabi, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon.
Received: December 02, 2019; Published: February 17, 2020


Background: Malnutrition is a public health problem in the world and particularly in sub-Saharan Africa. The Baka tribe in Cameroon is a group of short stature people, living in the rain forests of the East region. The Baka children are at an increased risk of malnutrition due to their low level of education and the forest setting in which they live.

Objectives: To assess the prevalence, associated factors of malnutrition, and feeding habits in Baka children less than 5 years old.

Methods: A cross sectional study done from 1st January to 31st May 2018 in 9 villages in the Lomie sub-division in the East region of Cameroon. Anthropometric assessment (weight- to- height Z scores, weight- to- age Z scores and height - to - age Z scores, and the mid upper arm circumference) food consumption scores were assessed in 357 children enrolled in the Study.

Results: The sex ratio was 0. 96 with most children (83%) between the age range of 24 to 59 months. The prevalence of malnutrition was 82.1% (with at least one anthropometric Z score less than -2). We noted wasting in 17.4% of children, underweight and stunting in 40.1% and 75.6% respectively. The proportion of households with a poor food consumption score was 5.9% and 40.6% had a borderline score. Risk factors for wasting were a poor food consumption score for wasting, a household size of more than 9 persons for underweight and the presence of infectious diseases as diarrhoea and respiratory tract infections within the last 3 months for stunting.

Conclusion: The prevalence of malnutrition is very high in Baka children, in Cameroon. Efforts should be taken to reinforce information, education of the families on good nutritional practices. Measures to appropriately prevent and treat infectious diseases which significantly influence malnutrition in this population should be taken.

Keywords: Anthropometry; Baka Children; Food Consumption Score; Malnutrition; Risk Factors


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Citation: Andreas Chiabi., et al. “Nutritional Status of Children Aged 6 to 59 Months of the Baka Pygmy Population in the East Region of Cameroon”. EC Paediatrics 9.3 (2020): 01-12.

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