Research Article
Volume 9 Issue 3 - 2020
Mothers' Perceptions of the Health Care Provided to their Children during their Hospitalization of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in a Public Maternal and Child Hospital
Marianela Balanesi*
Abogada, Licenciada en Enfermería, Ex-Jefe Residencia Enfermería Neonatal HIEMI ‘Don Vittorio Tetamanti’, Docente Universitarios, Mar del Plata, Buenos Aires Argentina
*Corresponding Author: Marianela Balanesi, Abogada, Licenciada en Enfermería, Ex-Jefe Residencia Enfermería Neonatal HIEMI ‘Don Vittorio Tetamanti’, Docente universitarios, Mar del Plata, Buenos Aires Argentina.
Received: December 09, 2019; Published: February 29, 2020




Abstract

Introduction: The internment of a baby in a Unit of Neonatal Intensive Care (NICU), is usually a traumatic and unexpected experience for families, which breaks into their lives in the form of a vital crisis, with a strong emotional impact. The continued ness of parents within NICuNs and their inclusion in the care of their children brings multiple benefits in terms of growth and development, the establishment of effective breastfeeding, the increase of attachment, and post-discharge safety and confidence; however, it is a measure whose implementation appears to be resisted by health teams. This study describes and analyses mothers' perceptions of care received by newborns during their NICU idenation. 

Material and Methods: On-site interviews were conducted with mothers who had had their children interned in the NICU and who met the criteria for inclusion. The stories were analyzed and the thematic axes and categories were determined.

Results: The most relevant categories were: unpredictability of preterm birth, delay to make the first contact with the baby after birth, deficits in accompaniment and containment during the first entry to the NICU, poor communication, restricted parental entry every three hours, limited possibility of participation in the question, non-explicit and contradictory regulations (professional-dependent), difficulties and delays for physical contact with the newborn and infrequent skin-to-skin contact. 

Conclusion: Mothers perceive strong limitations related to the entry into the NICU and participate in the care of their inpatient children. In some cases, these limitations are naturalized by mothers who assume that such exclusion is necessary for the welfare of the baby. The time within the Unit was perceived as insufficient and the possibility of entering and remaining as a favor that the institution grants according to certain non-explicit guidelines.

Keywords: Care; Neonatal Internment; Maternal Perceptions; Participation; Accompaniment; Information

Citation: Marianela Balanesi. “Mothers' Perceptions of the Health Care Provided to their Children during their Hospitalization of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in a Public Maternal and Child Hospital”. EC Paediatrics 9.3 (2020): 01-07.

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