Case Report
Volume 9 Issue 5 - 2020
Impact of Mandibular Condyle Fractures on Facial Growth in Growing Patients (The Importance of an Early Diagnosis)
Patrizia Defabianis*
Associate Professor, Department of Surgical Science, Section of Pediatric Dentistry, CIR-Dental School, University of Turin, Italy
*Corresponding Author: Patrizia Defabianis, Associate Professor, Department of Surgical Science, Section of Pediatric Dentistry, CIRDental School, University of Turin, Italy.
Received: March 17, 2020; Published: April 10, 2020




Abstract

The knowledge of what happens to the stomatognathic system when some of its parts are altered is very important. Normal development of the mandible as well as some portions of the upper jaw and face are related to good function of the masticatory apparatus: the integrity and interaction of bony and soft-tissue structures may be highly disturbed by injury of the temporomandibular joints (TMJ) and result in facial and occlusal disharmonies. An early, correct diagnosis of the pathology is very important as proper restoration of normal anatomy and function is a key-point in the success of treatment. Unfortunately, traumatic lesions of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) often are overlooked as they can apparently occur with relatively little pain, few clinical signs and without sufficient reaction by the child to obtain the adult’s attention regarding the seriousness of the injury. The frequent underestimation of the problem is due to the fact that pain assessment in children is difficult as the mechanisms of pain perception differ somewhat from that in adult people. Only a year or two later, when growth disturbances show up, they are perceived as a problem, but, at that time, the dysplastic growth pattern has stabilized and will continue during years.

This paper outlines a case report that draw attention to how this can occur and the impact this condition may have on facial development. Available data will be illustrated and discussed.

Keywords: Trauma; Condylar Fractures; Children; Facial Growth; Development

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Citation: Patrizia Defabianis. “Impact of Mandibular Condyle Fractures on Facial Growth in Growing Patients (The Importance of an Early Diagnosis)”. EC Paediatrics 9.5 (2020): 08-15.

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