Research Article
Volume 10 Issue 6 - 2021
The Association between Heart Murmurs and Pre-Existing Heart Diseases amongst Children in the United Arab Emirates between January 2019 and May 2019: A Case-Control Study
Samah Alasrawi1* and Sarah Aljeboury2
1Pediatric Cardiologist, AlJalila Children Heart Center, Dubai, UAE
2Medical Student at Mohammed Bin Rashid University of Medicine, Dubai, UAE
*Corresponding Author: Samah Alasrawi, Pediatric Cardiologist, AlJalila Children Heart center, Dubai, UAE.
Received: May 05, 2021; Published: May 17, 2021




Abstract

Objective: To determine whether heart diseases are a risk factor for the development of heart murmurs in a tertiary care hospital in Dubai emirate, United Arab Emirates.

Methods: A case control study. Data from 183 age and gender matching pairs of cases and control attending at a cardiology clinic in Dubai between January 2019 and May 2019 were analyzed. Cases were children with presenting heart murmurs, and controls were those with no heart murmurs. Sociodemographic variables obtained were age, gender and nationality. Major risk factor assessed was the previous diagnosis of heart diseases, and the outcome variable was the presenting diagnosis of heart murmurs.

Results: Overall, 26.4% of all cases with heart murmurs have a previous diagnosis of a heart disease and are of an Emirati origin (all p’s ≤ 0.05). Children with previously diagnosed heart diseases are 9 times at a higher risk of developing heart murmurs (Odds ratio, 9.42 [95% Confidence interval, 5.22 to 17.02]). Interestingly, being of an Emirati origin increases the risk of having heart murmurs (Odds ratio, 1.87 [95% Confidence interval, 1.10 to 3.16]).

Conclusion: The finding that a large proportion of children cases with heart murmurs is explained by a pervious heart diseases and being of an Emirati origin. These findings may improve the quality of care to children with heart murmurs in the United Arab Emirates.

Keywords: Heart Murmurs; Heart Diseases; Children; United Arab Emirates

References

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Citation: Samah Alasrawi and Sarah Aljeboury. “The Association between Heart Murmurs and Pre-Existing Heart Diseases amongst Children in the United Arab Emirates between January 2019 and May 2019: A Case-Control Study”. EC Paediatrics 10.6 (2021): 10-15.

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