Review Article
Volume 10 Issue 9 - 2021
Myths and Realities about Psychoanalysis and Autism. The need for an integrated view from Psychoanalysis and Neurosciences
Ema Ponce de León Leiras*
Clinical Psychologist, PhD, Psychoanalyst, Psychoanalytic Association of Uruguay (Asociación Psicoanalítica del Uruguay-IPA), Montevideo, Uruguay
*Corresponding Author: Ema Ponce de León Leiras, Clinical Psychologist, PhD, Psychoanalyst, Psychoanalytic Association of Uruguay (Asociación Psicoanalítica del Uruguay-IPA), Montevideo, Uruguay.
Received: July 13, 2021; Published: August 28, 2021




Abstract

The present work discusses widely and with well-founded arguments, the current view of autism and the way that the neurosciences developments, added to prejudices, are used to disqualify psychoanalysis as a treatment in this field.

It analyzes five of the so-called “myths” in this article. They were originated in the historical oscillation of paradigms, that at one time emphasized the environment in the aetiology of autism and today emphasizes the biological, without true integration and without knowledge of the pyschoanalytical approach from an updated perspective.

The author supports the hypothesis that the common denominator as well as the heterogeneity of the DSM V category of ASDs is explained by various combinations of neurobiological vulnerability factors that prevent the adequate reception of responses from the environment and lead to a similar response modality, observed in the behavior and autistic maneuvers. She also maintains that psychoanalysis focuses on the subjectification process of the child with ASD, through a delicate process of construction of the psyche, which gives specificity and efficacy to the psychoanalytic treatment of autism.

Keywords: Autism; Psychoanalysis; Child Psychotherapy; Neurosciences

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Citation: Ema Ponce de León Leiras. “Myths and Realities about Psychoanalysis and Autism. The need for an integrated view from Psychoanalysis and Neurosciences”. EC Paediatrics 10.9 (2021): 112-126.

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