Research Article
Volume 10 Issue 10 - 2021
Enteral Nutrition: Challenges of Prematurity in Neonatal Intensive Care Units
Alejandra Itzel Contreras Rivas1*, Gaston Eduardo Estudiillo Jiménez2, Patricio Guerra Ulloa3, Ignacio Arteaga Rosas4, Yeranea Emiree Enriquez López5 and Arabella Guadalupe Sánchez Garcia6
1Pediatría- Neonatologia, Estimulacion Temprana, Medico Adscrito a la Terapia Intensiva, Neonatal ISEM, Adscrito al Centro Diagnóstico Perinatal y Genético Hospital San Angel Inn, CDMX, Mexico
2Ginecología Y Obstetricia, Medicina Materno Fetal, Fellow en Cirugía Fetal, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Encargado de Programa de Salud Perinatal CDMX, Coordinador de Servicio de Medicina Materno Fetal, Hospital General Dario Fernandez ISSSTE, Adscrito al Centro Diagnóstico Perinatal y genético Hospital San Angel Inn, CDMX, Mexico
3Ginecología y Obstetricia, Director de Hospital General Doctor Darío Fernández ISSSTE, Mexico
4Médico Cirujano, Director del Centro de Salud Ampliación Miguel Hidalgo, Jurisdicción Tlalpan, CDMX, Mexico
5Médico Cirujano, Directora Jurisdicción Sanitaria Tlalpan, CDMX, Mexico
6Médico Pediatra, Responsable Estatal, Programa Salud Materna, CDMX, Mexico
*Corresponding Author: Alejandra Itzel Contreras Rivas, Pediatría- Neonatologia, Estimulacion Temprana, Medico Adscrito a la Terapia Intensiva, Neonatal ISEM, Adscrito al Centro diagnóstico Perinatal y Genético Hospital San Angel Inn, CDMX, Mexico.
Received: October 12, 2020; Published: September 09, 2021


The nutrition of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants is aimed at promoting a similar growth to that occurring in the uterus. However, in practice this is difficult to achieve and extrauterine growth restriction is frequent. The current tendency is to avoid this restriction by means of early parenteral and enteral nutrition. Nonetheless, uncertainty about many of the practices related with nutrition has resulted in a great variation in the way it is undertaken. Recommendations based on current publications are presented for postnatal preterm nutrition, depending on birth weight: less 1000 g, between 1000 and 1500 g, and above 1500 g, as well for the development periods: adaptation, stabilisation, and growth.

Keywords: Prematurity; Breast Feeding; Newborn; Enteral Feeding; Low Weight


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Citation: Alejandra Itzel Contreras Rivas., et al. “Enteral Nutrition: Challenges of Prematurity in Neonatal Intensive Care Units”. EC Paediatrics 10.10 (2021): 13-26.

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