Review Article
Volume 10 Issue 12 - 2021
Implementation of High Flow Oxygen Therapy in Pediatrics
Cristian Barbaro1*, Ezequiel Monteverde2, Julian Rodriguez Kibrik3, Guillermo Schvartz3 and Gonzalo Guiñazú4
1Staff Physician, Pediatric Clinic Unit 8, Hospital De Niños Dr. Ricardo Gutiérrez
2Staff Physician, Intensive Care Unit, Children’s Hospital Dr. Ricardo Gutiérrez
3Chief Of Residents, Medical Clinic, Children’s Hospital Dr. Ricardo Gutiérrez
4Resident Instructor, Medical Clinic, Children’s Hospital Dr. Ricardo Gutiérrez
*Corresponding Author: Cristian Barbaro, Children’s Intensivist, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Received: September 24, 2021; Published: November 30, 2021


Lower acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are one of the main causes of consultation in ambulatory care services, and may represent up to 36% of emergency services consultations, 25% of hospital admissions and 55% of hospital requirements. mechanical ventilatory assistance (MVA), with bronchiolitis being the main clinical entity.

The mainstay of the treatment of patients with ARFI and acute respiratory failure is oxygen therapy.

According to the delivered flow, it is divided into low and high flow. It should be noted that low flow systems have some disadvantages, such as inaccuracy to deliver a constant and quantifiable FiO2, insufficient humidification and heating, inadequate

Relationship between the delivered flow and the inspiratory demand of the patient and the risk of re-inhalation of CO2 with the use of masks.

In this context, oxygen therapy arises through high-flow nasal cannulas, which are open and easy-to-use systems, on which the review of this article will be based.

Keywords: Oxygen Therapy; High Flow; Acute Lower Respiratory Infection; Bronchiolitis


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Citation: Cristian Barbaro., et al. “Implementation of High Flow Oxygen Therapy in Pediatrics”. EC Paediatrics 10.12 (2021): 104-112.

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