Research Article
Volume 11 Issue 1 - 2022
A Study to Understand the Effect of Emotional and Behavioural Problems on the Sleep Health of School - Age Children, During the Pandemic Lockdown
Ushasi Bhattacharya1, Anjan Bhattacharya2 and Suvosree Bhattacharya3*
1Department of Applied Psychology, The Neotia University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2Consultant Developmental Paediatrician and Head, Child Development Centre, Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, Kolkata, India
3Faculty, Department of Applied Psychology, The Neotia University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
*Corresponding Author: Suvosree Bhattacharya, Faculty, Department of Applied Psychology, The Neotia University, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
Received: November 15, 2021; Published: December 31, 2021




Abstract

Objectives: The study aims to understand the trend of sleep health in children of school age focusing on their sleep schedule and quality during the pandemic and its association with emotional and behavioral problems on sleep patterns in children.

Methods: The study has been designed in a randomized survey-based cross-sectional format, conducted across the social media platform. The study sample consisted of 78 school-age children within the age range of 6 -12 years (M = 8.91) and their mothers as respondents who were sampled following the screening criteria. The Sleep Disturbance Scale in Children (SDSC), Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), and a self-rated scale for Sleep Schedule and Quality (SCQ) were used for the study.

Results: Results indicate that there is a significant correlation found among the scores of SDSC and SDQ subtests and total scores (r = 0.55; p > 0.01). This indicates that sleep disturbance is significantly related to emotional and behavioral problems in children. Significant changes in sleep quality and schedule of the children have been found on comparison of pre and post lockdown conditions; also significance found between SDSC and SCQ (r = -0.36; p > 0.01) as well as SCQ and SDQ subtests and total difficulty score (r = -0.33; p > 0.01), indicates that sleep schedules have a relationship with sleep disturbance and emotional and behavioral problems in school-age children. Findings indicated that sleep disturbance has a direct impact on the problems caused in the children’s behavior accounting for 30% of the variance for sleep disturbances.

Conclusion: Children of school-going age have showed significant sleep disturbance along with significant emotional and behavioral disturbances during the second wave of COVID outbreak in India. The present study indicated that, there has been a major change in sleep quality and schedule of the children in comparison of pre to post lockdown conditions in children of 6-12 years, and emotional and behavioral disturbances, associated both with sleep disturbance and sleep schedule change in children were also prominent in the sample.

Keywords: Sleep Health; Emotional and Behavioral Disturbances; Sleep Quality and Schedule; School-age; Lockdown

References

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Citation: Suvosree Bhattacharya., et al. ““A Study to Understand the Effect of Emotional and Behavioural Problems on the Sleep Health of School - Age Children, During the Pandemic Lockdown”. EC Paediatrics 11.1 (2022): 21-28.

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