Review Article
Volume 11 Issue 2 - 2022
Problems and Shortcomings of the Modern Domestic System of Organizing the Work of Preschool Educational Organizations for Children of Early Preschool Age
Kuznetsova Tamara Georgievna1*, Struzhkin Maksim Leonidovich1 and Rodina Elena Alfredovna2
1Federal State Budgetary Institution of Science Institute of Physiology Named After I.P. Pavlov RAS, St. Petersburg, Russia
2Leningrad State University Named After A.S. Pushkin, GBDOU Kindergarten No. 81, St. Petersburg, Russia
*Corresponding Author: Kuznetsova Tamara Georgievna, Federal State Budgetary Institution of Science Institute of Physiology Named After I.P. Pavlov RAS, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Received: November 15, 2021; Published: January 28, 2022




Abstract

The appearance of this work governs by the modern requirements of the Russian Federation legislation, including Federal Law of 29.12.2012 N 273-ФЗ “Education in the Russian Federation”, Federal State Educational Standard, San PiN1 and other regulatory acts of the Russian Federation Government with necessity to expand the network of preschool educational organizations having groups for young children and creating groups for infants starting from 2 months. The authors of the article analyzed the existing conditions in preschool organizations in our country and abroad. It is shown that in order to maintain health, successfully adapt and develop an infant and young child to preschool organizations, create groups for children up to a year old, it is necessary not only to bring the existing legal framework into line, but also to conduct a significant reorganization of the structure of preschool organizations, with the aim of creating adequate conditions for infants without harming the health of the newborn child and the social well-being of the family. It emphasizes the need to provide parents with recommendations for protecting health and preparing the baby for kindergarten by providing targeted financial assistance to parents for a conscious choice between home education and training in the context of early childhood care. Serious financial support is also required for preschool organizations to equip buildings and territories for the care, upbringing and safe development of children of this age. The need for the return of pediatricians, nurses, speech therapists, educators, psychologists to the staff of preschool organizations is emphasized that is the need for review in the direction of increasing staffing levels. A comparison is made of the preschool educational organizations work organization abroad and in Russia. Some features of the young children and infants psychophysiological and physical condition are briefly reviewed, and necessary recommendations are given to parents. The article discusses the possibility of improving the adaptation period to preschool educational institutions in Russian Federation without harming the health of young children and infants.

Keywords: Kindergarten; Child Health; Upbringing; Education; Adaptation; Recommendations to Parents

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Citation: Kuznetsova Tamara Georgievna., et al. “Problems and Shortcomings of the Modern Domestic System of Organizing the Work of Preschool Educational Organizations for Children of Early Preschool Age”. EC Paediatrics 11.2 (2022): 36-47.

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