Case Report
Volume 10 Issue 6 - 2021
Psychopathological and Cultural Approach of Repeated Suicide Attempts. Concerning a Clinical Case in Dakar, Senegal
Ibra Diagne1*, Ndèye Dialé Ndiaye-Ndongo2, Momar Camar2, Ndèye Aida Sylla2 and Mamadou Habib Thiam2
1Psychiatry Department of the Public Health Establishment of Mbour, Cheikh Anta Diop University of Dakar, Senegal
2Psychiatry Department of the National University Hospital of Fann, Cheikh Anta Diop University of Dakar, Senegal
*Corresponding Author: Ibra Diagne, Psychiatry Department of the Public Health Establishment of Mbour, Cheikh Anta Diop University of Dakar, Senegal.
Received: April 13, 2021; Published: June 29, 2021


Used to be considered an extremely rare phenomenon in Africa, suicidal behavior has become a common problem for clinicians nowadays. Suicide attempts constitute a psychiatric challenge for the psychiatrist, especially when they are repetitive. They can be subject to social tolerance, consequently constituting a major risk for a successful commitment to action. In fact, depending on the context, the patient may not be taken seriously by the family. It can also be mistaken for someone acting under the influence of external forces; therefore, he might not be held accountable for his actions. The aim for this study is to provide an analysis of the psychopathological factors associated with repeated suicide attempts in a 23-year-old Senegalese young adult, followed by the Fann National University Hospital psychiatric department.

The suicidal behaviors observed in our patient are related to a borderline structure personality. The relationship between borderline personality disorder and suicidal behavior is a standard data. This case analysis highlights several factors that may explain the occurrence of these recurrent suicidal behaviors. We can note the adolescence period in which they started, a disturbed family environment, a precarious job situation, difficulties in going through the critical periods of life, a difficult marriage... our patient hospitalization duration was short with a spectacular remission and a criticism of his gesture. A social representation of his troubles, the "Xabtal" (the incentive to disjunct), seems to fit in the collective family imaginary and seems to be a means of self-blame free.

These factors facilitate the understanding of this patient’s distress, perhaps related to a psychological vulnerability and thus explaining the suicide attempts. The major risk to dread is a successful suicide, hence the importance of prevention, which requires an understanding of these disorders, thus allowing an appropriate individual and systemic patient management.

Keywords: Suicide Attempt; Repetition; Borderline Personality; Psychopathological Factors


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Citation: Ibra Diagne., et al. “Psychopathological and Cultural Approach of Repeated Suicide Attempts. Concerning a Clinical Case in Dakar, Senegal”. EC Paediatrics 10.7 (2021): 30-37.

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