Short Communication
Volume 10 Issue 8 - 2021
Physicians Take Heed of the Potential for the Appearance of Opportunistic Mycotic Infections in COVID-19 and Lyme Disease
Robert-A Ollar1,2*
1Clinical Assistant Professor of Neurology, Department of Neurology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York, USA
2Director of Research, TBD Support Network, Inc., Milford, Pennsylvania, USA
*Corresponding Author: Robert-A Ollar, Clinical Assistant Professor of Neurology, Department of Neurology, New York Medical College, Valhalla, New York, USA.
Received: July 13, 2021; Published: July 29, 2021

Quotation: “The possible presence of Opportunistic Mycotic Infections always needs to be a consideration in the treatment of Patients infections with COVID-19, Lyme and Related Tick Borne Infections and simultaneous infections with COVID-19 and Lyme and Related Tick Borne Infections”.

It was observed in the decades of the 1960’s and 1970’s that there were major hurdles to be overcome as relates to procedures involving organ transplants, cancer therapies, burn therapy, infectious processes, inflammatory responses and AIDS-related impaired immune responses [1-4]. In those early years it was learned that overuse of broad spectrum anti-bacterial antibiotics and corticosteroids were linked to the rise of deadly opportunistic fungal infections [4,5].


  1. Louria DB. “Superinfection: A Partial Overview”. In: Opportunistic Pathogens, Prier, JE and Friedman (eds), University Park Press, Baltimore, London, Tokyo (1974): 1-18.
  2. Gordon MA. “Serodiagnosis of Opportunistic Mycoses”. In: Opportunistic Pathogens, Prier, JE and Friedman (editions), University Park Press, Baltimore, London, Tokyo (1974):147-162.
  3. Baker RD. “Opportunistic Phycomycetes and Aspergilli in the Compromised Host”. In: Opportunistic Pathogens, Prier, JE and Friedman (editions), University Park Press, Baltimore, London, Tokyo (1974): 163-175.
  4. Hofmann B., et al. “AIDS in Europe, and the Immunodeficiency of AIDS”. In: AIDS and Infections of Homosexual Men”. 2nd, Ma, P and Armstrong, D (editions), Butterworths, New York (1989): 311-334.
  5. Linoakis M and Konotyiannia D. “Gluocorticoids and Invasive fungal Infections”. Lancet9398 (2003): 1828-1838.
  6. Chen L., et al. “Regulatory effects of demamethasone on NK and T cell immunity”. Inflammopharamacology5 (2018): 1331-1338.
  7. Ollar RA. “Physicians Take Heed, the Utilization of Dexamethasone and Broad Spectrum Antibacterial Antibiotics in COVID-19 Therapy Carries with it the Risk of Secondary Bacterial and Fungal Opportunistic Infections”. EC Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine12 (2020): 97-100.
  8. Ollar RA. “COVID-19 and COVID-19 Vaccination”. EC Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine5 (2021): 27-28.
  9. Bedard M. “Fungal Co-Infections Associated with COVID-19 (Coronavirus)”. Mold and Disease (2020).
  10. Zhou P., et al. “Bacterial and fungal infections in COVID-19 patients: A matter of concern”. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 41 (2020): 1124-1125.
  11. Marr KA., et al. “Aspergillus Complicating Severe Coronavirus Disease”. Emerging Infectious Diseases1 (2021): 18-25.
  12. Rabagliati R., et al. “COVID-19-Associated Mold Infection in Critically Ill Patients, Chile”. Emerging Infectious Diseases5 (2021): 1454-1456.
  13. Telegraph Online: Why are Covid patients prone to black fungus infections?” (2021).
  14. Sewall F., et al. “Cellular Immune responses to COVID-19”. British Medical Journal (2020): 270m3018.
  15. Ollar RA., et al. “A Study of Tick Borne Infections in Individuals with Pre-existing Conditions Resulting from Non Tick Borne Infections and Non Infectious Conditions”. EC Pulmonary and Respiratory Diseases 8 (2020): 55-56.
  16. Ollar RA. “The Presence of Lyme and Related Tick Borne Diseases, COVID-19, and Simultaneous Occurrence of Lyme and Related Tick Borne Diseases Plus COVID-19 Infections in Tick Endemic Areas Presence a Newly Emerging, Confusing and Deadlier Infectious Diseases Mix”. EC Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine 6 (2021): 06-07.
  17. Horowitz RI. “How Can I get Better: An Action Plan for Treating Resistant Lyme and Chronic Disease”. St. Martin Griffin, New York (2017): 33.
  18. Crystal J. “Strategies and treatments for Lyme patients to avoid Candida overgrowth”. Candida and Lyme (2020).
Citation: Robert-A Ollar. “Physicians Take Heed of the Potential for the Appearance of Opportunistic Mycotic Infections in COVID-19 and Lyme Disease”. EC Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine 10.8 (2021): 52-54.

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