Research Article
Volume 6 Issue 4 - 2021
One World, One Health, One Global Education: Intercultural Competences in Veterinary Education
Filipe Dias*
FEC - Fundação Fé e Cooperação, Portugal
*Corresponding Author: Filipe Dias, Cooperation agent at FEC - Fundação Fé e Cooperação, Lisbon, Portugal.
Received: March 08, 2021; Published: March 30, 2021




Abstract

Veterinary medicine plays an important role in tackling the global challenges of the 21st century, especially in the control of transmissible diseases and food security worldwide. Therefore, teaching veterinary medicine must reflect these challenges and equip veterinarians with the necessary skills to deal with the “One World, One Health” paradigm.

This research intends to find out how intercultural competence is looked at during the initial stage of the training in veterinary medicine and how it unfolds in the subsequent phases of the curriculum. Also, it aims to know the teacher’s and student’s perspectives on the importance and role of intercultural competence and what they expect from it.

A case study of a Portuguese higher education institution with a strong tradition in initial training for veterinarians was prepared. Documentary analysis of the curriculum unit plans and other documents were used, as well as interviews with teachers who are part of the training management body and final-year students.

The data analysis revealed that the interviewees are well aware of the need to prepare professionals who can perform their role in different cultural contexts. It was also noted that the curricular unit plans still do not include intercultural competence objectively and clearly, resulting in a limitation there in the official curriculum. However, concerning the curriculum in action, some curricular and extracurricular activities were identified that can be deemed as appropriate for the development of this skill among students. In the learned curriculum, students could identify some of them, albeit in a very discreet way and little directed at the development of this competence. In the assessed curriculum, intercultural competence is not considered.

This study concludes by seeking to contribute to the reflection on how intercultural competence may be included in the veterinary medicine training through teaching methodologies, student mobility, use of ICT, foreign language learning, and teacher training, among others.

Keywords: Education; Initial Training; Curriculum; Intercultural Competence; “One World; One Health”

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Citation: Filipe Dias. “One World, One Health, One Global Education: Intercultural Competences in Veterinary Education”. EC Veterinary Science 6.4 (2021): 64-72.

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