Research Article
Volume 6 Issue 5 - 2021
Fibrosing Cardiomyopathy within a Population of Managed Primates at a Single Zoological Facility 2000 - 2015
Ray L Ball1* and Thora Steffensen2
1ZooTampa at Lowry Park, Tampa FL, USA
2Ruffolo, Hooper and Associates, Tampa, Florida and Tampa General Hospital, Tampa, FL, USA
*Corresponding Author: Ray L Ball, Ray L Ball, ZooTampa at Lowry Park, Eckerd College 4200 Bayshore St Petersburg FL 33711, USA.
Received: March 29, 2021; Published: April 22, 2021


Gross and histopathological review of 74 cases of primate mortality from a single zoological facility from January 2000-December 2015 revealed that the cause of death (COD) in approximately 27% of the cases was cardiovascular disease (CVD). Among the most common CVD diagnoses were fibrosing cardiomyopathy (FCM). Fibrosing cardiomyopathy has been well documented in the great ape species but only on occasion in other primate species. Cardiomyopathy was diagnosed in 11 genera of primates within this collection during the study period including chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and Bornean orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus).


Keywords: Fibrosing Cardiomyopathy; Myocardial Fibrosis; Renal Disease; Primates; Zoo; Nutrition


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Citation: Ray L Ball and Thora Steffensen. “Fibrosing Cardiomyopathy within a Population of Managed Primates at a Single Zoological Facility 2000 - 2015”. EC Veterinary Science 6.5 (2021): 15-19.

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