Research Article
Volume 6 Issue 7 - 2021
Epidemiology of African Swine Fever in the South Region of Cameroon
Victor Ngu Ngwa1*, Jocelyn Fredex Ebo’o Eyinga1, Jean-Marc Kameni Feussom2 and André Pagnah Zoli1
1School of Veterinary Medicine and Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
2Directorate of Veterinary Services, Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Animal Industries (MINEPIA), Yaoundé, Cameroon
*Corresponding Author: Victor Ngu Ngwa, School of Veterinary Medicine and Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon.
Received: May 15, 2021; Published: June 08, 2021




Abstract

African swine fever is a highly contagious infectious disease, caused by a DNA virus whose socioeconomic importance handicaps the global swine industry, and restricts trade. Food security takes a hit because there exists no vaccine or nor treatment yet. This disease is endemic in Africa, with a persistence of the foci in space and time, and a complex epidemiology due to the different hosts involved. In Cameroon, where the disease circulates in the domestic form, disease outbreaks occur in flock throughout the year, but the epidemiology remains poorly understood throughout the country. To remedy this situation, an epidemiological study was carried out in the South region of Cameroon, in order to provide past and up-to-date information on the disease in this part of the country. The retrospective study carried out for this purpose from 1999 to 2019, reveals an ever increasing evolution of the outbreaks of the disease in space and time, with a maximum of cases having occurred between 2016 and 2018 in the Dja -Lobo and Ocean divisions, and a minimum of cases between 2006 to 2015 in the Mvila and the Ntem Valley. At the end of the cross-sectional survey, a prevalence of 18,11% ± 0,34 was determined, at 95% confidence interval. Experience is the only characteristic significantly influencing the prevalence, P ˂ 0.029. This study made it possible to know the evolution of the disease in the region, and to identify the departments most at risk. These results will be used to increase the country's epidemiological data, but also to revitalize surveillance and control resources in high-risk areas, and to preserve those that are less at risk.

 

Keywords: African Swine Fever; Epidemiology; Socio-Professional Characteristics; South Region, Cameroon

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Citation: Victor Ngu Ngwa., et al. “Epidemiology of African Swine Fever in the South Region of Cameroon”. EC Veterinary Science 6.7 (2021): 05-20.

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