Research Article
Volume 6 Issue 9 - 2021
Current Status of Haemosporidian Parasites Infection in Scavenging Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) and its Awareness Amongst Village Poultry Farmers in Dukku, Gombe State, Nigeria
Jallailudeen Rabana Lawal1*, Umar Isa Ibrahim1, Abdullahi Abubakar Biu2, Hassan Ismail Musa3
1Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
2Department of Veterinary Parasitology and Entomology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
3Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: Jallailudeen Rabana Lawal, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
Received: May 17, 2021; Published: September 22, 2021




Abstract

The aim of this study is to detect and determine the current status of avian haemosporidian parasites infecting scavenging chickens in Dukku, Gombe State, Nigeria. To achieve this objective, blood samples were obtained from 370 scavenging chickens from households within the study areas, thin blood film and buffy coat smears were examined using microscopy for avian haemosporidian parasites, and identification of parasites was based on their morphology. The present study showed an overall prevalence rate of 21.9%. Plasmodium was detected in 59 while Haemoproteus in 15 chickens in a single infection with prevalence rates of 15.9%nd 4.1% respectively, mixed Plasmodium and Haemoproteus was found in 7 (1.9%) infected chickens. The prevalence of avian haemosporidian parasitesas higher in chickens sample from Gombe Abbah (9.2%) district compared to chickens from Dukku (7.6%) and Hashidu (5.1%) districts. The prevalence of avian haemosporidian parasites was significantly higher (P-value: 0.0061; χ2 = 7.525; OR= 2.100) in males (14.3%) compared to females (7.6%) chickens; significantly higher (P-value: < 0.0001; χ2 = 17.784; OR = 2.291) in adults (16.5%) compared with grower (5.4%) chickens; and significantly higher (P-value: < 0.0001; χ2 = 46.090; OR = 7.690) in the rainy (18.4%) compared to dry season (3.5%) during the study period. The present study showed that village chickens farmers in the study area are unaware of avian haemosporidian parasites infection amongst their chickens’ flocks, thus it is recommended that awareness campaign to educate the farmers on how to improve management practices is necessary so as to prevent widespread transmission of the parasites to commercial exotic poultry farms.

 

Keywords: Avian Haemosporidian Parasites; Scavenging Chickens; Plasmodium; Haemoproteus

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Citation: Jallailudeen Rabana Lawal., et al. “Current Status of Haemosporidian Parasites Infection in Scavenging Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) and its Awareness Amongst Village Poultry Farmers in Dukku, Gombe State, Nigeria”. EC Veterinary Science 6.10 (2021): 53-64.

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